Turismo Prerrománico > The image of impure spirits in Beatos and Apocalypse

The image of impure spirits in Beatos and Apocalypse

16.13 – Then three unclean spirits like frogs escaped from the mouth of the dragon, the mouth of the beast and the mouth of the false prophet

The beatos are copies of the Commentaries on the Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana that respect its text and the theme and situation of the images, although each miniaturist interpreted it according to their imagination, its technical characteristics and its quality.

Although the European Apocalypses were not copies of the Beatus Commentary, as they also follow the book of Saint John of Patmos, many of their images coincide in position and theme with those of the Beatus.

We have found sixteen versions of this image in thirteen Beatus and three European Apocalypses provided by Jean-Luc Monneret, which we present on this page in chronological order, in which we observe that, although we have not found it in the Beatus of Escalada, there are six beati in which the image, with a similar structure of the figures on a background in three color bands, could be inspired by that disappeared version of Magius, while in the rest of the beati it is very different and also the three Apocalypses, Later, they present different characteristics, but close to each other.         

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