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Index of files of monuments


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Zaragoza

Embedded in a semicircular cube of the castle wall we find a geminated window reused. Due to its characteristics, it corresponds to a Mozarabic building from the beginning of the 10th century. The jambs are made of sandstone ashlars. One on the left side and two on the right. Parteluz based on a monolithic cylindrical column on a very damaged base and on its top, a capital of simple forms based on leaves scarcely marked at their angles, with a central rib and a ball or perhaps pineapple at the top vertex.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Málaga

Built in what is believed to have been the capital of the independent territory created by Omar Ibn Hafsún in Al Andalus during the second half of the 9th century and destroyed by Abd al Rahman the Third in 928. It is a church excavated in a large rock, for which it is still preserved today. Of basilical plan with transept, three naves separated by horseshoe arches, and three apses, with the central one in horseshoe arch inscribed in a square with rectangular laterals.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Lugo

Very next Samos’s Monastery we find this small chapel attached to a thousand-year-old cypress that consists of ship and a rectangular apse separated by an arch of access of horse-shoe. Since it is habitual in the Mozarabic churches the door, also of horse-shoe, it is placed in the south side. A bank of stone crosses the interior of the ship, which is covered by flat roof to two waters. The hermitage is illuminated by several windows, possibly not all of the same epoch, some in arch of horse-shoe, being double that of the testero.


Mozarabic - 9th Century, 10th Century - Málaga

Built by Omar ibn Hafsún as the capital of the independent territory that this muladí managed to dominate a large part of Andalusia for 80 years against the Caliphate of Córdoba in an almost impregnable area, several churches have been found there, two of them peri-urban with necropolises between them. which highlights the so-called Bobastro Basilica, a good number of rock dwellings, a fortress built by ‘Abd al-Raḥmān III after his conquest and a set of exterior defensive constructions.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - La Rioja

Mozarabic church, possibly built at the end of the ninth century or the beginning of the tenth century as a monastic church, of which the structure of a nave with presbytery and rectangular apse facing east is preserved, with horseshoe arch at the access door on the south side. The current hermitage corresponds to a later reconstruction, from the end of the XII, in which the nave and the head were vaulted with pointed barrel vaults adding the fajon arch that currently divides the nave.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Vizcaya

It is a clear example of a rural church with two phases of construction: one from the pre-Romanesque period (9th or 10th centuries) and another from the 11th century. It is built in masonry, with a rectangular nave covered with wooden reinforcement, while the lower apse has a half-barrel vault, both externally covered by a single roof with three slopes. The access, on the west side, is in a semicircular arch surrounded by a chambrana resting on decorated imposts. There was another access, perhaps earlier, on the south side and there is also a window in the apse, decorated with Visigoth motifs.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Vizcaya

Ermita de Sant Hilari

Mozarabic - 10th Century - Barcelona

Located in the private “Quadra de Sant Hilari”, it seems to be a building from the last Roman or Visigothic period; destroyed during the Arab invasion and rebuilt after the Reconquest in the 9th century. It has a single nave and a narrower apse, joined by a triumphal arch with double voussoir and sculpted imposts.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Segovia

This is the church of the monastery of Santa María de Cárdaba built in the tenth century, which was donated by Fernán González and his wife to the monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza in 937, consisting of a single nave constructed with large stone ashlars of tuff stone, which is conserved from the original construction, and an apse of the XII, of limestone ashlars formed by two sections separated by a curved arch, a semicylindrical one with three small windows, divided by four baquetons, and a rectum, as a presbytery.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Burgos

Located in Barriosuso, near Covarrubias, it already appears in a diploma from 924; after that, a Romanesque portico was attached to it. It has a single nave of 9 by 5m with a wooden cover and a square apse of 2 by 2m that has a cruciform window formed by five rings and covered with a semicircular dome, separated by a horseshoe arch. Part of its decoration recalls Quintanilla’s.


Mozarabic - 9th Century - Málaga

Built by Omar ibn Hafsún as the capital of the independent territory that this muladí managed to dominate a large part of Andalusia for 80 years against the Caliphate of Córdoba in an almost impregnable area, several churches have been found there, two of them peri-urban with necropolises between them. which highlights the one known as Basílica de Bobastro, a good number of rock dwellings, a fortress built by ‘Abd al-Raḥmān III after his conquest and a set of exterior defensive constructions.


Mozarabic, Romanesque - 10th Century, 1st century - Barcelona

The monastery of Santa María de Serrateix was an old Benedictine abbey of which there are references from the year 941. The church below the current one is preserved from that initial monastery. In 1077 the construction of the current church began, much modified, with a single nave with a transept nave and three semicircular apses, the sides of which were replaced by two large late Gothic chapels, while the dome was removed. while the tower and the cloister are of later construction.


Visigoth, Mozarabic - 8th Century, 10th Century - Burgos

This monastery, which remnants have been found at 2 Km from the village of Tordomar, and of which some decoration pieces have been preserved, some in Condal style and others in Mozarabic style, is one of the most famous from its period because the monk Florencio accomplished his work there; an exceptional caligraph and miniaturist, author of the bible called “Codex Gothicus Legionensis”, among many others, preserved in the Colegiata of St. Isidoro in León.


Mozarabic - 9th Century - Gerona

Attached to the Monastery of St. Feliú de Guixols, we find this atrium, blocked in one side by a set of five horseshoe arches of different sizes, upon columns and capitals of Mozarabic type, upon which there is another level of Lombard decoration and structure, with three sets of triple semi circular rounds of arches. Its origin is unknown; it could be a Mozarabic construction of the 10th century in which the upper level was replaced later.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Soria

It is the most extraordinary building in all Mozarabic. Its outside is very simple, its inside, amazing: a nave with a central palm tree from which eight arches stem out that support the vault, the apse on the eastern side and a “small mosque” on the western half with five vaulted naves upon horseshoe arches that support the choir with another small apse in it; all decorated with a magnificent set of paintings.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Valladolid

Built around 910, its structure seems a compendium of the most remarkable characteristics of Spanish pre Romanesque architecture that has reached these days. In fact, it is a church with three naves, three apses, being the central one semi circular, and squre the lateral ones, with nave and crossing lantern and another apse at the end of the central nave. All of that supported upon horseshoe arches

San Esteban de Viguera

Mozarabic - 10th Century - La Rioja

Pequeña iglesia incrustada en un paisaje excepcional, que consta de una nave, un presbiterio que está separado de la nave por un iconostasio con una puerta y dos ventanas, las tres terminadas en arcos de medio punto, y un ábside de planta en forma de herradura irregular. Todo el edificio está abovedado y conserva un importante conjunto de frescos inspirados en los beatos mozárabes, que recuerdan a los frescos más antiguos de San Baudelio de Berlanga.

San Juliá de Boada

Mozarabic - 10th Century - Gerona

Formed by an apse and an irregular nave, with two stretches covered by barrel vaults, although originally it had a wooden roof, separated by a great transverse prolonged horseshoe arch, prolonged up to almost a half of its radius. The apse is covered with a horseshoe vault, with acces arch prolonged in one third of its radius and with Mozarabic window. It is likely that the apse and the first stretch of the nave were built in Visigothic times and the second one and the cover in Mozarabic times.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - La Rioja

Possibly its origin would be an eremitic community from the Visigoth period. It is known that its foundation as a monastery took place around the year 925. From then on it acquired great importance thanks to donations from the kings of Navarre, being the residence of the bishops of Calahorra between 1033 and 1092. It consisted of buildings today disappeared and a number of counting still conserved, in which would be his scriptorium that produced important manuscripts and became a great cultural center with a library that deserved the attention of Alfonso X the Wise at the end of the 13th century.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Orense

Esta iglesia, construida en grandes sillares de granito en la primera mitad del siglo X, es de una sola nave y tenía un ábside en forma de herradura inscrito en un cuadrado, hoy desaparecido. Muy reconstruida en diferentes épocas, conserva sólo dos puertas laterales en forma de herradura con alfiz, de aspecto claramente mozárabe y los restos de dos ventanas originales de arco de herradura en la actual fachada principal.

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