Turismo Prerrománico > Viajes > Viajes Recomendados > 9th Century > PRE ROMANESQUE ART IN ANDALUCÍA


Itinerario del viaje que proponemos incluyendo el mapa del viaje, los monumentos a visitar por día de operación, las distancias parciales y los kms totales del viaje. Si desea acceder a la descripción completa de algún monumento pulse sobre su foto. Si desea completar y reservar este viaje pulse "Crear viaje a medida" 2 Dias
Both, Pre Romanesque art as well as Visigothic art were of great importance in Andalucía. We know for certain about the existance of multiple Visigothic churches in Córdoba, of monasteries in its surroundings and of an important cathedral dedicated to St. Julián, upon which the mosque was built reutilizing great part of the material. We also know about the importance of Seville, the city of Leandro and St. Isidoro, and of its library and scriptorium as well as the existence of multiple constructions from the 6th and 7th centuries in other Andalusian cities.

However, nearly nothing remains after eight centuries of Arab domination. On this trip we propose visiting the five most interesting monuments from which there are sufficient remains.

The Baptristry of Gabia Grande: a strange semi buried building, probably built during the Byzantine domination in the region.

Villanueva de Algaidas rock ensemble: hermitage used after the Arab conquest, although its origin could be Visigoth.

The Basilic of Vega de Mar: of which their basilical three nave plan, side porticoes and double apse have been preserved. It was built by North African monks.

The Basilic of Bobastro: the only Mozarabic monument in Andalucía. Built by the rebel Omar Ibn Hafsun where he established his capital city for 50 years that had the Caliphate of Córdoba at bay. Excavated in a huge rock, Abd-al-Rahmán the Third could not destroy it totally when he took over the city in 928.

The monastic ensemble of Santa María de la Cabeza: excavated in the rock, composed of a church and a room area.

Mapa del viaje

Provincias de la Ruta:
Granada Málaga

Guía del viaje

Día 1

Las Gabias
Semi buried building, almost square, with an octogonal font in white marmor in its centre, covered with a media sphere vault and with an apse, a tower with a spiral staircase and a long access gallery. The whole decoration found suggests it was built during the first Byzantine domination of this part of Spain.

Cave ensemble excavated on a rocky headland. It consists of two rectangular caves not connected with each other, in which the western side was closed by masonry walls. The larger one, oriented towards east, must have been the church, with a single nave covered with a barrel vault, with a semi circular arch surrounding the apse and two small lateral compartments. The other cave, much smaller, could have been a hermit cave.

Día 2

It is one of the most meaningful churches in North African style. It has a basilical plan with three naves, with two apses, two lateral porticos and a very interesting baptismal font in the apse's lateral chamber. It is surrounded by a nechropolis where there are tombs from a long period, since beginnings of Christianity until the 7th century.
Built in what is believed to have been the capital of the independent territory created by Omar Ibn Hafsún in Al Andalus during the second half of the 9th century and destroyed by Abd al Rahman the Third in 928. It is a church excavated in a large rock, for which it is still preserved today. Of basilical plan with transept, three naves separated by horseshoe arches, and three apses, with the central one in horseshoe arch inscribed in a square with rectangular laterals.

Monastic ensemble excavated on the rock, formed by a church and a living area. The church has an irregular shape and a total surface of 272 square metres. It has a central nave with trapezoidal plan ending in a semicircular apse, a vestry and other two naves with altars and niches on the end walls, located on the sides of the central one in a radial position starting at the main entrance with a semicircular arch.

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Portal de información sobre la Historia y el Arte medievales, con la descripción de más de 600 monumentos, que ofrece al viajero la posibilidad de preparar los itinerarios de sus viajes a monumentos de ese periodo.