The Visigothic presence in Castile-La Mancha
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We shall begin our tour by visiting the remains of the
city of Recóplois, built by Levogildo in honour of his son Recaredo, to
continue around the important Roman city of Segóbriga, where we find remains of
Cabeza de Griego, the largest Visigothic basilic that has reached our days. On
the second day we shall devote the morning to know two Visigothic cruciform
churches from the 7th century: St. Pedro de La Mata, in a very bad shape, and
the conflictive St. María de Melque, an exceptional monument very well
recommended visits in Toledo: Mosque of El Cristo de la Luz, Museo de los
Concilios y la Cultura Visigoda, Arisgotas: Museum of Visigothic Art.
Mapa del viaje
Guía del viaje
Remains of the largest Visigothic church ever known have been found in the ruins of the Roman city of Segóbriga It was of basilical type with an elongated pseudo crossing with the shape of “tau”. It was dismantled during the restoration of the Monastey of Uclés and only the studies of the excavation in the 18th century and a few remnants of the decoration have survived.
Cruciform church built upon the same plans of St. Comba de Bande and St. María de Melque, though through the remnants that have been found we know it had a much richer decoration, connected with courtier Toledan art. Unfortunately only rests of the walls have survived maybe due to flaws in the laying of foundations upon flat granite soil.
It is the most conflictive monument in all Spanish Pre Romanesque since though its structure is clearly that of a cruciform church -even the facades recall those of Montelios- its covering system and, above all, its decoration, lead to the Mozarabic period. There are many reasons from the historical point of view as well as from the architectural one that suggest us to include it in the Visigothic period.