Turismo Prerrománico > Viajes > Viajes Recomendados > 2016 > June > 24 > In lands of Fernán González

In lands of Fernán González

Itinerario del viaje que proponemos incluyendo el mapa del viaje, los monumentos a visitar por día de operación, las distancias parciales y los kms totales del viaje. Si desea acceder a la descripción completa de algún monumento pulse sobre su foto. Si desea completar y reservar este viaje pulse "Crear viaje a medida" 3 Dias
We propose a tour a bit longer that 300 Km that starts in La Rioja, visiting in Tricio a Visigothic temple built upon a Roman monument and St. Millán de Suso, a monastery built between the 5th and 11th centuries, the spiritual centre of Fernán González’ Castile and place of origin of Castilian writing. Continuation to Burgos visiting St. Vicente del Valle, an original Visigothic construction turned into a Mozarabic church, the magnificent transept of Quintanilla de las Viñas and three other interesting monuments. Finally, two Mozarabic constructions exceptional for their originality ands good state of preservation: The Torreón  de Doña Urraca in Covarrubias, the sole military construction from the Mozarabic period that has reached our days, and the surprising hermitage of St. Baudelio de Berlanga, already in Soria.

Mapa del viaje

Provincias de la Ruta:
Burgos La Rioja Soria

Guía del viaje

Día 1

Tricio

It is a three nave basilic with a complex rectangular chevet, built in the 6th century upon a Roman mausoleum of the old metropolis of Tricio the Great, therefore the chevet is facing west. Fragments of huge Corynthian columns were used, upon which Visigothic horseshoe arches in sinter were added.

San Millán de La Cogolla

This small monastic church, protecting a cave monastery of the 6th century, is formed by two naves, something quite unique in Spain; two apses and a portico attached to the mountain. Due to several setbacks we find in it Visigothic, Mozarabic and Early Romanesque remnants. This monastery, declared World Heritage, was the see of an important scriptorium, origin of the first very early writings in Spanish in the 10th century.

Día 2

San Vicente del Valle

Building with a single nave with a narrower square apse that was later replaced by the present one. It amazes for its two high twin windows with horseshoe arches upon imposts and also for some no less surprising capitals preserved inside, bevelled, properly included in Visigothic sculpture, but also containing some heads with more relief. It was possibly a civil building turned later into a church.

Ibeas de Juarros

To 20km of Burgos we find this hermitage which origin seems to be early Christian, reconstructed possibly in the first repopulation of this zone, in times of Alfonso III the Great one, since in spite of a series of important modificacines that suffered in the first times of Romanesque art in Spain and in the 18th century it preserves multiple details that demonstrate his great relation with the Asturian architecture.

Manbrillas de Lara

It is possibly the last Visigothic monument we know. With cruciform plan with three naves, the lateral one with chambers, crossing nave and an apse, is similar to St. Pedro de la Nave, although here the crossing is next to the apse. Only the chevet has survived with an excellent decoration in the main arch and three friezes along its outside.

Día 3

Covarrubias

This tower is located in Covarrubias. It is the only military stronghold preserved from that period. It is so called after Doña Urraca, grand daughter of Fernán González, who was sovereign abbess of the Monastery of St. Cosme and St. Damián in Covarrubias. Formed by three bodies, the first one possibly of Roman origin, with walls up to 3 m wide. The second one has a horseshoe door at many metres from the floor, and the last one, rebuilt in a later period, with windows and buttresses.

Santibáñez del Val

Located in Barriosuso, near Covarrubias, it already appears in a diploma from 924; after that, a Romanesque portico was attached to it. It has a single nave of 9 by 5m with a wooden cover and a square apse of 2 by 2m that has a cruciform window formed by five rings and covered with a semicircular dome, separated by a horseshoe arch. Part of its decoration recalls Quintanilla’s.

Caltojar

It is the most extraordinary building in all Mozarabic. Its outside is very simple, its inside, amazing: a nave with a central palm tree from which eight arches stem out that support the vault, the apse on the eastern side and a “small mosque” on the western half with five vaulted naves upon horseshoe arches that support the choir with another small apse in it; all decorated with a magnificent set of paintings.

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Portal de información sobre la Historia y el Arte medievales, con la descripción de más de 600 monumentos, que ofrece al viajero la posibilidad de preparar los itinerarios de sus viajes a monumentos de ese periodo.