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Index of files of monuments

NECRÓPOLIS DE EL CARPIO DE TAJO

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Toledo

La necrópolis de El Carpio de Tajo (Toledo), está constituida por un total de 285 tumbas de las cuales 90 contenían en su interior elementos de adorno personal y en determinados casos un depósito funerario (por ejemplo monedas romanas muy rodadas). Los objetos hallados suman un total de cerca de 300 y tienen la mayoría de ellos connotaciones claramente visigodas.

NECRÓPOLIS DE HERRERA DE PISUERGA

Visigoth - Siglo VI - Palencia

La necrópolis de Herrera de Pisuerga suma un total de 52 sepulturas, conteniendo 16 de éstas adornos personales en su interior. Dichos objetos nos proporcionan una cronología de finales del siglo VI, perdurando después de la unificación durante todo el siglo VII, y su condición de necrópolis visigoda ?clásica?, de tradición germánica.

Puente de Pinos

Visigoth - Siglo VI - Granada

Although it follows the guidelines of the big Roman bridges, it clearly belongs to the first Visigothic period. It has three large arches upon foundation pylons and Roman structure, including the round cutwaters towards the current, and square in the opposite side. However, the arches are already horseshoe arches although with a different prolongation, with the voussoirs disposed in typical Visigothic style, as well as the bond.

Puerta de Sevilla

Visigoth - Siglo VI - Córdoba

Possibly of Roman origin with a two arch structure, one for entrance and one for exit from the city, with an intermediate area for the guard duty. The arches are horseshoe shaped, prolonged a third of their radius, a usual practice in Visigothic art. It has a headers and stretchers bond, also usual in this period with voussoirs similar to those of Puente de Pinos.

QUINTANILLA DE LAS VIÑAS

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Burgos

It is possibly the last Visigothic monument we know. With cruciform plan with three naves, the lateral one with chambers, crossing nave and an apse, is similar to St. Pedro de la Nave, although here the crossing is next to the apse. Only the chevet has survived with an excellent decoration in the main arch and three friezes along its outside.

RECÓPOLIS

Visigoth - Siglo VI - Guadalajara

Within a city built around 580 by Liuvigild in honour of his son Reccared it may be considered as a precedent of cruciform churches as it has one nave with a sort of transept, an apse and a portico that seems to have included a baptistry. It also had two lateral galleries that connect the portico with the crossing but not with the naves.

SAN FRUCTUOSO DE FRANCOLÍ (R)

Visigoth - Siglo IV - Tarragona

Built upon the sepulchre of St. Fructuoso, it has a Roman type basilical plan, with three naves of 30 m long by 9 m wide in the central nave and 5 m in the lateral ones separated by columns with a semicircular apse and paved with white marmor tessera. A few remnants with pictorial decoration in some pieces of the wall have also been preserved.

SAN FRUCTUOSO DE MONTELIOS

Visigoth - Siglo VII -

Built by St. Fructuoso himself, bishop of Braga, following the models of the mausoleum of Gala Placidia and St. Vital, both in Ravenna, to be buried there. It is the first cruciform building fom this period and its structure gave rise to the group of cruciform Visigothic churches, the first one of them, St. Comba de Bande, belonged to the bishopry of Braga.

SAN GIAO DE NAZARÉ

Visigoth - Siglo VII -

With the structure of a nave, a sort of a transept, an apse, a portico and two lateral galleries that connected the portico with the crossing but not with the naves, its structure recalls very much the one of Recópolis, except for two small semicircular apses upon the crossing’s nave, at the sides of the central one, and a gallery over the main door, opposite the altar, that recall the Asturian churches despite its Visigothic decoration.

SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE BARBADILLO DEL MERCADO (R)

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Burgos

It is a rectangular building facing east-west. Of Visigoth origin, it consists of a rectangular nave, which is the oldest part, with gates of horseshoe arch on each side, that of the south wall and partially buried by the inclination of the terrain, and a rectangular apse covered by a barrel vault and with a small gap, rebuilt in the 10th century, possibly after a raffia of Almanzor.

SAN JUAN DE BAÑOS

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Palencia

This church, beautifully preserved, is a clear example of the search on behalf of the Visigothic architects of a shape for their churches better adapted to their rites than the typical Roman basilic. It consists of a basilical plan with three naves and three independent chevets, one in the central nave and the other two out of the lateral naves.

SAN MIGUEL DE TARRASA

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Barcelona

This is the third building of the episcopal ensemble in Tarrasa, located between St. Mary and St. Peter. Very well preserved, its plan has the shape of a Greek cross in a square, from which protrudes from the eastern side, an apse with a poligonal shape outside and horse shoe shaped inside. It is considered as the baptistry of the ensemble; a baptismal font was added to in the restoration.

San Pedro de Balsemao

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Lamego

Awfully restored; from this church with basilical plan and a square apse, only remains the apse and the initial part of the naves. A triumphal horseshoe arch has also been preserved, very much altered with the restoration, upon columns with late Roman capitals and imposts. It maintains an interesting decoration frieze based on fleurs de lis, waves, secant circles, solar wheels, …

SAN PEDRO DE LA MATA

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Toledo

Cruciform church built upon the same plans of St. Comba de Bande and St. María de Melque, though through the remnants that have been found we know it had a much richer decoration, connected with courtier Toledan art. Unfortunately only rests of the walls have survived maybe due to flaws in the laying of foundations upon flat granite soil.

SAN PEDRO DE LA NAVE

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Zamora

We are possibly before the most important monument of the whole Visigothic period. With a cruciform plan, with three naves and only one apse, includes the lateral compartments in its original design that we consider were added later. It has also a magnificent sculpted decoration.

SAN PEDRO DE TARRASA

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Barcelona

Among the episcopal ensemble of three churches in Tarrasa, this one is located more to the north and it originally had a basilical shape with three naves, that later disappeared starting on the second stretch, although in the restoration in the Romanesque period only the central one was re built, forming like the first stretch of the lateral ones, as in St. Mary, something similar to a crossing

SAN PEDRO DE TARRASA

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Barcelona

SAN VICENTE DEL VALLE

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Burgos

Building with a single nave with a narrower square apse that was later replaced by the present one. It amazes for its two high twin windows with horseshoe arches upon imposts and also for some no less surprising capitals preserved inside, bevelled, properly included in Visigothic sculpture, but also containing some heads with more relief. It was possibly a civil building turned later into a church.

SANTA COMBA DE BANDE

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Orense

Excellent example of a cruciform church, possibly the first one of its kind ever built. It has the shape of a Greek cross, totally vaulted, a single nave, an apse and a portico forming two simetrical lower and narrower ends, and a crossing nave of equal height forming a balanced ensemble with the main one. It has a lantern covered by a hipped roof over the crossing of both.

SANTA COMBA DE BANDE

Visigoth - Siglo VII - Orense

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