Turismo Prerrománico > Art and Culture > Mozarabic Art > Index of files of monuments

Index of files of monuments


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Soria

Although this hermitage, that consists of a single nave and a square apse, is considered as Romanesque from the beginnings of the 12th century, we include it in our study because, besides having Visigothic elements and a horseshoe arch that was blocked, 186 m of wall paintings have been discovered, with religious motifs, many of them related with Apocalypsis, considered to belong to the same school as St. Baudelio de Berlanga’s.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - La Rioja

This small monastic church, protecting a cave monastery of the 6th century, is formed by two naves, something quite unique in Spain; two apses and a portico attached to the mountain. Due to several setbacks we find in it Visigothic, Mozarabic and Early Romanesque remnants. This monastery, declared World Heritage, was the see of an important scriptorium, origin of the first very early writings in Spanish in the 10th century.

San Pedro de Lourosa

Mozarabic - 10th Century - Beira Interior Sul

Considered to be the only Mozarabic monument preserved in Portugal, it is a three nave basilic with flat cover, separated by horseshoe arches of a structure very similar to the Visigothics ones, upon Doric columns, possibly reutilized, and three apses; the central one being much larger than the lateral ones, as well as with the naves. An inscription dates it in 912. It is strongly influenced by the Asturian art and the Visigothic way of building.

San Pedro de Montes

Mozarabic - 10th Century - León

Close to the former one and built also in Visigothic style in the 7th century, rebuilt by St. Genadio in the 10th century in Mozarabic style, and again by the Benedictine monks in 1243 in Romanesque style; after its collapse , it is practically abandoned since Mendizabal’s disentailment. Among the rests that correspond to the Romanesque structure, only prevail in the tower a few capitals and windows in Visigothic style.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Burgos

This hermitage, in a state of complete abandonment, is located on a rock, over the Cueva de San Pelayo, which according to tradition found Count Fernán González inhabited by this and other hermits, is considered dated 912 but with subsequent modifications, is built in irregular silería and consists of a rectangular nave and a flat testero apse in which there is a curved window carved in two ashlars and covered by vault on pendentives. According to 18th century news, the hermitage was connected to the cave, although it has not been verified.

San Román de Hornija

Mozarabic - 10th Century - Valladolid

Mozarabic church, now disappeared, possibly upon the remains of another Visigothic church built by Chindasvinto in 653, of which an interesting set of capitals from the 10h century has been preserved, similar to the Mozarabic series in St. Cebrián de Mazote, both, inside as in the porch of a building attached to the church, at present in ruins.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Cantabria

This small hermitage, of which there are not any documentary references until 1119 and that was until recently in dilapidated conditions, is located near Bostronizo. Built in very regular stone bond, it consists of a single nave and an apse, separated by a beautiful very pronounced horseshoe arch.The lobe modillions of the roof, heavily decorated, are also very interesting.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - León

It is the most ancient bulding in León, built in the first quarter of the 10th century by Ordoño the Second. It was, most likely, the sepulchral chapel of the royal house of León. It was very much altered after Almanzor devastated León and also in 15th and 16th centuries. The primitive temple had a Greek cross plan, of which a sort of crossing with semi circular arches and groin (gallonada) vault has been preserved. A very attractive exhibition about its history and structure may be visited.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Lugo

Located on the primitive road of Santiago de Compostela and in an environment full of abandoned historical constructions, like the houses-tower of Arriba and Abaixo, several pazos and where it is said that the pilgrims had up to seven shelters, the church of San Salvador, of which its origin is unknown even if it is documented since 897, and that we know that it existed in Visigoth period, as it is evidenced in several inscriptions found in its slate pavement, which was modified in Mozarabic style, as shown by the window that was conserved in the last reconstruction of the year 1619, in which its plan formed by nave, presbytery and rectangular apse was preserved.

San Salvador de Toral de Merayo

Mozarabic - 10th Century - León

Discovered a few years ago and excavated recently, it is a church formed by a single nave and an apse with a horseshoe shaped plan, separated by a main arch, also hoseshoe, atypically oriented to the south east. It is located a bit farther than 1Km from St. Tomás de las Ollas, of the same period and with a similar structure.

San Vicent de Obiols

Mozarabic - 10th Century - Barcelona

Church of Visigothic origin, built upon a previous construction, modified or rebuilt in the 10th century. It consists of a single nave with flat cover, a central square apse and two apses at the sides of the nave, covered with a barrel vault that reminds a cruciform plan. The apses are communicated with the nave through magnificent horseshoe arches, possibly of Visigothic origin also, with columns and capitals partly reutilized, modified in the 10th century.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Gerona

Consagrada el 20 de diciembre del año 946, es una construcción sencilla de una única nave rectangular y una cabecera trapezoidal orientada al este. La nave está cubierta con bóveda de cañón y dividida en dos tramos prácticamente iguales por un arco toral de medio punto,


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Barcelona

A partir de una primera construcción, posiblemente visigoda, formada por una única nave y un ábside trapezoidal, en el siglo X se amplió a una estructura de tres naves y otra transversal a modo de crucero, cubiertas con bóvedas de piedra, añadiendo al ábside inicial otros dos laterales semicirculares. Los distintos espacios están comunicados entre sí mediante arcos de herradura. En su interior existe un interesante conjunto de pinturas mozárabes y románicas.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Gerona

Edificio de una sola nave con ábside trapezoidal, ambos cubiertos por una bóveda de herradura poco acusada que se conserva parcialmente, situada en un asentamiento de hábitat característico de finales del mundo romano e inicios de la Edad Media.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Orense

It is a small building with rests of three naves, possibly from the Visigothic period, although its origin could be of an earlier date. The most interesting sector is the apse’s wall, built with large granite ashlars of Roman tradition, similar to St. Eulalia de Bóveda, that preserves two mullioned windows with dry cap and very pronounced horseshoe arches, of clear Mozarabic descent.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Cantabria

This church preserves part of a nave and the Mozarabic header, quadrangular, built from high quality ashlar, covered with a barrel vault that supports a two water roof with modillons of roll very similar to those of the nearby Santa María de Lebeña and San Román de moroso. Inside the two spaces are separated by a triumphal horseshoe arch that has undergone modifications throughout its history. There is no documentary reference about it, but the modillions allow it to be dated back to the 10th century, from the same period as the two churches mentioned.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Barcelona

Small hermitage that consists of a nave and an apse, both covered with barrel vault and separated by a horseshoe arch of clear Mozrabic ascription. When the nave’s vault was being built, it was initially covered in wood, the lateral walls were reinforced with attached rounds of arches, also horseshoe shaped, that recall those of St. Miguel de Cuxá; also the door on the southern side was blocked and replaced by another one on the centre of the western side.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Cantabria

Built during the first third of the 10th century, possibly by Mozarabic monks, it is a church with a Greek cross shaped plan, with the entrance on the southern side, three apses and two compartments at each side of the main nave, for what it looks like a basilical plan. The inside is highly original, completely vaulted with pillars with attached columns and capitals of great quality. It is one of the most important works in Mozarabic art.

Santa María de Marquet

Mozarabic - 10th Century - Barcelona

Three nave basilical church that only preserves the first central and northern stretches of the naves and the square apse in its original Mozarabic structure, in which the separation between the different spaces is accomplished through horseshoe arches prolongd in one half and two thirds of their radius; those of the central axe recall Mazote and Celanova. All this zone is covered with a vault, also horseshoe, although in this case with only one third of prolongation.


Mozarabic - 10th Century - Orense

Although at present it has a single nave, originally it had three, separated by horseshoe arches and flat covering. It still has three apses with entrance arches and horseshoe shaped plan, covered with semi dome vaults in brick, inscribed in a flat chevet from which the central apse protrudes slightly. From all the basilics built in the 10th century and considered as Mozarabic, this one is the less Islamic.
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