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Index of files of monuments

ALCALÁ DE MONCAYO (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Zaragoza

Embedded in a semicircular cube of the castle wall we find a geminated window reused. Due to its characteristics, it corresponds to a Mozarabic building from the beginning of the 10th century. The jambs are made of sandstone ashlars. One on the left side and two on the right. Parteluz based on a monolithic cylindrical column on a very damaged base and on its top, a capital of simple forms based on leaves scarcely marked at their angles, with a central rib and a ball or perhaps pineapple at the top vertex.

BASÍLICA DE BOBASTRO

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Málaga

Built in what is believed to have been the capital of the independent territory created by Omar Ibn Hafsún in Al Andalus during the second half of the 9th century and destroyed by Abd al Rahman the Third in 928. It is a church excavated in a large rock, for which it is still preserved today. Of basilical plan with transept, three naves separated by horseshoe arches, and three apses, with the central one in horseshoe arch inscribed in a square with rectangular laterals.

CAPILLA DEL SALVADOR, SAMOS (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Lugo

Very next Samos’s Monastery we find this small chapel attached to a thousand-year-old cypress that consists of ship and a rectangular apse separated by an arch of access of horse-shoe. Since it is habitual in the Mozarabic churches the door, also of horse-shoe, it is placed in the south side. A bank of stone crosses the interior of the ship, which is covered by flat roof to two waters. The hermitage is illuminated by several windows, possibly not all of the same epoch, some in arch of horse-shoe, being double that of the testero.

ERMITA DE SAN MARTÍN DE LA NAVA (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - La Rioja

Mozarabic church, possibly built at the end of the ninth century or the beginning of the tenth century as a monastic church, of which the structure of a nave with presbytery and rectangular apse facing east is preserved, with horseshoe arch at the access door on the south side. The current hermitage corresponds to a later reconstruction, from the end of the XII, in which the nave and the head were vaulted with pointed barrel vaults adding the fajon arch that currently divides the nave.

ERMITA DE SAN PEDRO DE ABRISQUETA (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Vizcaya

It is a clear example of a rural church with two phases of construction: one from the pre-Romanesque period (9th or 10th centuries) and another from the 11th century. It is built in masonry, with a rectangular nave covered with wooden reinforcement, while the lower apse has a half-barrel vault, both externally covered by a single roof with three slopes. The access, on the west side, is in a semicircular arch surrounded by a chambrana resting on decorated imposts. There was another access, perhaps earlier, on the south side and there is also a window in the apse, decorated with Visigoth motifs.

Ermita de Sant Hilari

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Barcelona

Located in the private “Quadra de Sant Hilari”, it seems to be a building from the last Roman or Visigothic period; destroyed during the Arab invasion and rebuilt after the Reconquest in the 9th century. It has a single nave and a narrower apse, joined by a triumphal arch with double voussoir and sculpted imposts.

ERMITA DE SANTA APOLONIA EN PECHARROMÁN (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Segovia

This is the church of the monastery of Santa María de Cárdaba built in the tenth century, which was donated by Fernán González and his wife to the monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza in 937, consisting of a single nave constructed with large stone ashlars of tuff stone, which is conserved from the original construction, and an apse of the XII, of limestone ashlars formed by two sections separated by a curved arch, a semicylindrical one with three small windows, divided by four baquetons, and a rectum, as a presbytery.

ERMITA DE SANTA CECILIA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Burgos

Located in Barriosuso, near Covarrubias, it already appears in a diploma from 924; after that, a Romanesque portico was attached to it. It has a single nave of 9 by 5m with a wooden cover and a square apse of 2 by 2m that has a cruciform window formed by five rings and covered with a semicircular dome, separated by a horseshoe arch. Part of its decoration recalls Quintanilla’s.

Ermita de Santa Cruz de Montes

Mozárabe - Siglo X - León

This centre of hermitage life lies in the surroundings of the Valley of Silence, where St. Fructuoso retired to pray in the 7th century. It was built during that century, destroyed after with the Arab invasion and rebuilt at the beginnings of the 9th century and of which, after the reconstruction in the 18th century, only remain embedded in the small rural church, three Visigothic pieces of great interest: a foundational inscription -stolen in 2007-, a window with drip cap and a piece of an inner door.

PALACIO FORTIFICADO DE LA ALJAFERÍA (R)

Castillo - Siglo XI - Zaragoza

Palace built in the 11th century by the Banu Hud, kings of the taifa of Zaragoza that includes the Torre del Trvador, two centuries earlier. Magnificently preserved, it is a fundamental monument in the history of Aragon and one of the best representatives of Hispanic-Muslim art. Surrounded by a square walled enclosure with semicircular towers are the buildings of the caliphal palace, of great architectural and ornamental richness. Conquered Zaragoza in 1118 by Alfonso I, was modified on several occasions and times, in one of which a Mudejar church was added.

PORTA FERRADA (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo IX - Gerona

Attached to the Monastery of St. Feliú de Guixols, we find this atrium, blocked in one side by a set of five horseshoe arches of different sizes, upon columns and capitals of Mozarabic type, upon which there is another level of Lombard decoration and structure, with three sets of triple semi circular rounds of arches. Its origin is unknown; it could be a Mozarabic construction of the 10th century in which the upper level was replaced later.

SAN BAUDELIO DE BERLANGA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Soria

It is the most extraordinary building in all Mozarabic. Its outside is very simple, its inside, amazing: a nave with a central palm tree from which eight arches stem out that support the vault, the apse on the eastern side and a “small mosque” on the western half with five vaulted naves upon horseshoe arches that support the choir with another small apse in it; all decorated with a magnificent set of paintings.

SAN CEBRIÁN DE MAZOTE

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Valladolid

Built around 910, its structure seems a compendium of the most remarkable characteristics of Spanish pre Romanesque architecture that has reached these days. In fact, it is a church with three naves, three apses, being the central one semi circular, and squre the lateral ones, with nave and crossing lantern and another apse at the end of the central nave. All of that supported upon horseshoe arches

San Esteban de Viguera

Mozárabe - Siglo X - La Rioja

Pequeña iglesia incrustada en un paisaje excepcional, que consta de una nave, un presbiterio que está separado de la nave por un iconostasio con una puerta y dos ventanas, las tres terminadas en arcos de medio punto, y un ábside de planta en forma de herradura irregular. Todo el edificio está abovedado y conserva un importante conjunto de frescos inspirados en los beatos mozárabes, que recuerdan a los frescos más antiguos de San Baudelio de Berlanga.

San Juliá de Boada

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Gerona

Formed by an apse and an irregular nave, with two stretches covered by barrel vaults, although originally it had a wooden roof, separated by a great transverse prolonged horseshoe arch, prolonged up to almost a half of its radius. The apse is covered with a horseshoe vault, with acces arch prolonged in one third of its radius and with Mozarabic window. It is likely that the apse and the first stretch of the nave were built in Visigothic times and the second one and the cover in Mozarabic times.

SAN MARTIN DE ALBELDA (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - La Rioja

Possibly its origin would be an eremitic community from the Visigoth period. It is known that its foundation as a monastery took place around the year 925. From then on it acquired great importance thanks to donations from the kings of Navarre, being the residence of the bishops of Calahorra between 1033 and 1092. It consisted of buildings today disappeared and a number of counting still conserved, in which would be his scriptorium that produced important manuscripts and became a great cultural center with a library that deserved the attention of Alfonso X the Wise at the end of the 13th century.

SAN MARTIÑO DE PAZÓ

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Orense

Esta iglesia, construida en grandes sillares de granito en la primera mitad del siglo X, es de una sola nave y tenía un ábside en forma de herradura inscrito en un cuadrado, hoy desaparecido. Muy reconstruida en diferentes épocas, conserva sólo dos puertas laterales en forma de herradura con alfiz, de aspecto claramente mozárabe y los restos de dos ventanas originales de arco de herradura en la actual fachada principal.

SAN MIGUEL DE CELANOVA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Orense

Built around 940 by St. Rosendo in memory of his brother Froila, this small oratory of 8.5 x3.85 x 6m, built with large blocks of well cut granite, consists of three small areas communicated through horseshoe arches: a lobby covered with a horseshoe dome, a central nave of groin vault, both rectangular, and a horseshoe shaped apse inscribed in a square wih shell dome.

SAN MIGUEL DE CUXÁ (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo IX - Pirineos Orientales

Fundado en el año 879, este monasterio es el representante más significativo del Arte Mozárabe en Cataluña y, junto a San Pedro de Roda y Santa María de Ripoll, uno de los ejemplos más interesantes de la Alta Edad Media Catalana. En su planta de gran tamaño, es basilical de tres naves separadas por arquerías de herradura, con crucero con absidiolos que sobresale de las naves y ábside cuadrado, encontramos un claro ejemplo de transición al Románico.

 

SAN MIGUEL DE ESCALADA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - León

Built by monks that came from Cordova, it is one of the most interesting churches of the Mozarabic period. It has three naves separated by horseshoe arches upon columns and capitals with a crossing with the same width as the naves, separtated from them by an iconostasis, also of horseshoe arches upon columns, and three apses with a horseshoe shaped plan inscribed in a square, being the central one larger in size than the lateral ones.
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