San Cipriano del Condado - 915? - Catedral de León
It is the most complete and best preserved Latin antiphonary from the Middle Ages. It was created by the end of the 9th or beginnings of the 10th centuries. It contains the most important chants of the Spanish liturgy until the end of the 11th century. It is written in Visigothic italics with neumes without stave, using the Visigothic notation and includes an interesting set of images in very defined colours, always on uncoloured background, of high quality considering its ancient dating.
S. Cipriano del Condado - 915? - Catedral de León
Se trata del Antifonario latino más completo y mejor conservado de la Alta Edad Media. Creado a finales del siglo IX o principios del X, contiene los cantos más importantes de la liturgia española hasta finales del siglo XI. Está escrito en letra visigoda cursiva con neumas sin pentagrama, utilizando la notación visigoda, e incluye un interesante conjunto de imágenes de colores muy definidos, siempre sobre fondo sin colorear, de gran calidad para una datación tan antigua.
Monastery of Sahagún? - Principios del S. XII - Biblioteca Corsiniana, Roma
San Millán de la Cogolla - Siglos X y XI - Real Academia del la Historia, Madrid
Central Italy - Principles of S. XII - Statatsbibliothec Preussischer Khulturbesitz, Berlín
It is another blessed created out of Spain. With 98 pages of 300 x 190 mm written in Caroline typeface, although in the text of the drawings the Visigothic typsetting is used, and its 55 pen and ink drawings in small size looks very different than the rest of the known blessed. It is attributed to some monastery in the centre or south of Italy and John Williams includes it in the same group of the Blessed of Burgo de Osma and Lorvao, although the carachteristics of their miniatures are quite different.
Monastery of Sahagun - 1086 - Cathedral of Burgo de Osma (Soria)
Developed during the full Cluniacense influence, this blessed, that consists of 166 pages and 71 miniatures, although maintaining clear influences of Mozarabic works like the first blessed of the National Library, the one of El Escorial and the one of St. Millán, has a clear link with the Romanesque painting, for instance, in the
replacement in some cases of the horseshoe arches by semi circular ones, or in the apparel of the characters that clearly reflect the customs in the 11th century. We can consider it as the first Hispanic Romanesque blessed.
Santo Domingo de Silos - Pirineo Navarro?
St. Millán de la Cogolla - 955 - El Escorial Monastery
Considered almost unanimously as have been originated in St. Millán de la Cogolla and dated between 950 and 955. It consists of 151 pages and 52 miniatures that show the characteristics of the works of said monastery: aggressive colours with yellow predominating as a background; characters’ faces treated equally, with great expression, almond eyed, straight necks, lip corners downwards and double lobed ears.
San Millán de la Cogolla - 1040/1060 - Copies i B. Morgan, N. York
León - 1047 - Biblioteca Nacional (Madrid) Vitr. 14-2
This is the only blessed (with the possible exception of the Blessed of Las Huelgas) that was copied for the kings of Castile and León. Commisioned by Ferdinand the First and Doña Sancha, it consists of 624 pages of 360 x 268 mm to 2 columns in Visigothic writing and 98 miniatures of great quality. It was preserved in the Colegiata of St. Isidore of León until Philip the Fourth requisitioned it and sent it to the Royal Library. Today it is preserved in the National Library of Madrid, in the showcase 14,2. Illustrated during the period in which the Cluniacense influence was beginning to show up, it corresponds to a very meaningful change in style with regard to the Spanish miniature of the preceeding century.
San Salvador de Tábara - 975 - Cathedral of Gerona
Abbey of Monte Cassino? - Mediados del siglo XI - Biblioteca de Ginebra
Monastery of Valcavado? - 975 - Cathedral of Deo Urgel's Cathedral
San Pedro de Cardeña? - 1220 - Biblioteca Morgan, N. York
San Mamede de Lorvao monastery - 1189 - Torre del Tombo, Lisboa
Based largely in the considered as pictorial version I, it is the most completely preseved in this version. It is one of the latest blessed, most of them created in Cistercian monasteries, in this case, in St. Mamed of Lorvao’s, near Coimbra. The style of its miniatures, though clearly Romanesque, is not comparable to any other Spanish High Medieval codex. Simple pen and ink drawings on red and light yellow backgrounds, with very stylized and schematic figures standing out its essential lines.
Monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña? - 1189 - John Rylands Library,. Manchester
Unknown - Finales del siglo XII - Biblioteca Nacional, París
Abbey of Saint Sever - Sobre el año 1050 - Biblioteca Nacional, París
San Pedro de Cardeña? - 1220 - Bibliothèque Nationale, París
Embedded in the family IIb, although in some points it seems to use a model from family I, consists of 334 pages of 300 x 457 mm, with 69 miniatures decorated in gold and silver. It corresponds to another blessed of the last phase commissioned by a Cistercian monastery, in this case feminine. Although it respects the structure of the traditional blessed, the artist includes several distinctive features, like the personalisation of the face and the apparel of each of the the figures in the miniatures with several characters, different to the usual practice of former models.
San Pedro de Cardeña - 1175/1185 - Museo Arq. Nacional, Madrid