Index of files of monuments
CATEDRAL DE RODA DE ISABENA (R)
Romanesque - 11th Century - Huesca
Of plant basilical of three naves with three apses on crypts, it was constructed at the beginning of the 11th century by Lombard teachers on the remains of the first cathedral, of the 10th century, destroyed in Abd-Al-Malik’s razia. It suffered many later modifications in which elements were added as the front page of the south side, the tower or the crypt under the central ship, which gave the orders San Ramon built about 1125 in that his magnificent sarchofagus remains. Very interesting the Romanesque paintings of the north crypt the cloister and the set of five arcades that it leads to the chapterhouse.
CATEDRAL DE SAN PEDRO DE JACA
Romanesque - 11th Century - Huesca
The cathedral of Jaca is considered to be one of the most important temples of the first Romanesque Spanish. It was constructed from 1077 on order of the king Sancho Ramirez. There preserves his basic Romanesque structure: with plant basilical of three naves of five sections with his corresponding aligned apses, two doors of access and a slender dome. In the southern apse there are located the elements that summarize the architectural language typical of the Romanesque jaqués, spread later by the whole route jacobea: the chequerwork (that passes in the shape of fascia) and the balls, which are present in the interior supports.
CATEDRAL DE SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - La Coruña
From the appearance of the tomb of the apostle Santiago at the beginning of the S. The IXth, Compost Her it is, with Rome and Jerusalem, one of three more important centers of Christian peregrination. Already Alfonso II, in the same century, constructed the first church respecting the tomb and on her, which remained small immediately, it made other one Alfonso III, who in turn was replaced two centuries later with the Romanesque cathedral that we know. Turned into one of the most important temples of the christianity, it has plant in the shape of Latin cross of three naves, of 100m of length, with cruise of three naves and deambulatorio. In the 18th century west added in his front the spectacular baroque front to protect the famous Portico of the Glory.
CATEDRAL DE SIGÜENZA (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Guadalajara
Sigüenza’s cathedral was a building of fullly Romanesque take-off (initiated in the sixth decade of the 12th century) with head-board of five staggered semicircular apses. It developed until 1221 in a style that we might name tardorrománico or “protogótico” and that is reflected in the walls perimetrales by windows of half a point and the part to go down the western front with his three still Romanesque front pages.
CATEDRAL DE TARRAGONA (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Tarragona
Constructed in the same area that before there was a Roman temple, the chair visigoda and an Arabic mosque, it was begun in Romanesque style in 1171, but it did not finish up to the 14th century, already in fullness of the Gothic. It consists of the church, of plant basilical of three naves, with chapels added to wings from the S. XIV, one principal apse and four secondary ones and three doors of access, two Romanesque ones and Gothic other one. In addition it has a cloister constructed in the S. The XIIIth, to which one accedes from the north side of the head-board, a bedroom, refectory, warehouse, kitchen and chapterhouse.
CATEDRAL DE TUY (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Pontevedra
Constructed on a rocky hill between 1120 and 1180, it has form of Latin cross, of three naves with transepto and three chapels in the head-board. In his exterior stand out his crenellated towers that give him aspect of strength. The church was very modified in the later centuries, for what only they stay of his original construction the interior of the transepto, with capitals of great quality, and the north front page. Between the changes the later changes it is necessary to emphasize the great western front page, one of the most beautiful of the Spanish Gothic.
CATEDRAL DE ZAMORA (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Zamora
The cathedral of Zamora was begun to construct in 1151. Nevertheless, successive modifications have spoilt his aspect to a great extent. The grand one toasts strength it was constructed later, in the XIIIth though it continued using the styles of the Romanesque one still when the Gothic already was left to feel in the zone. But no doubt, the most emblematic element of the temple is his magnificent dome that has come complete to the present day.
CATEDRAL VIEJA DE SALAMANCA (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Salamanca
The Cathedral of Santa Maria of Salamanca was raised from an early medieval temple. The works began under the promotion of the bishop Jerónimo de Perigord at the beginning of the 12th century begun by the major apse. Initially it had a marked defensive aspect, with such elements as parapets and battlements, as well as a blunt tower, by it she is known as ” Salamancan Fortis “. Stands out the Tower of the Rooster, dome that crowns the cruise, which construction places about the year 1150.
CENTRO ARQUEOLOGICO DE L’ALMOINA
Visigoth - 6th Century - Valencia
The area of the Plaza de l’Almoina, both for its richness and for its state of conservation. Located in the heart of the historic city, it is an exceptional platform for exploring monumental Valencia, where we find buildings from the various cultures that have settled in Valencia, from its foundation by the Romans in 138 BC, to the Muslim era. going through the first Christian times and the Visigothic period.
CIUDAD DE BOBASTRO
Mozarabic - 9th Century, 10th Century - Málaga
Built by Omar ibn Hafsún as the capital of the independent territory that this muladí managed to dominate a large part of Andalusia for 80 years against the Caliphate of Córdoba in an almost impregnable area, several churches have been found there, two of them peri-urban with necropolises between them. which highlights the so-called Bobastro Basilica, a good number of rock dwellings, a fortress built by ‘Abd al-Raḥmān III after his conquest and a set of exterior defensive constructions.
COLEGIATA DE SAN MARTÍN DE ELINES
Romanesque - 1st century - Cantabria
San’s Martin collegiate church of Elines must have been a monastery that already was exercising his mission during the 10th century, epoch of the Mozarabic opposing remains. The Romanesque church of Elines’s St Martin, which remains in its entirety, is a building that gets up on the old Mozarabic monastery having sunk in 1102 as to say the document to us that Monk Francisco de Berganza. The monumentalidad of the church increases on having seen the height of the only nave. It consists of: head-board with apse, presbytery and a nave of two sections.
COLEGIATA DE SAN SALVADOR (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Palencia
Placed in the most north zone of Palencia, one finds the Collegiate church of San Salvador, founded at the end of the XIIth or beginning of the XIIIth for the Countess dona Elvira of Castile. The key element of this building and that more calls the attention is his enormous reed-mace, which, it plays the role to him palentinos different from the rest of the Romanesque temples, providing him this way with a great excepcionalidad and captivation, which they see increased by his good condition of conservation.
COLEGIATA DE SANTA MARÍA DE VALLADOLID (R)
Romanesque - 11th Century - Valladolid
The collegiate church of Santa Maria of Valladolid was raised at the end of the 11th century inside the Romanesque own plenary session of the dates on which the city of Valladolid is founded. At the beginning of the XIIIth it was decided to reconstruct the church with three naves separated by cruciform props and head-board of three semicircular apses. The plant has been qualified to this second temple as Gothic, nevertheless, is still typical of the Romanesque one. Of the primitive Romanesque factory of the 11th century only we still have part of the tower. Not a lot of better luck traversed the church of the XIIIth, since of her there remain such partial remains as part of the walls perimetrales north and west, besides the silhouette of his plant. The most interesting thing, from the Romanesque point of view, is the corner of the cloister and the front page that he was communicating.
COLEGIATA DE SANTA MARÍA LA MAYOR DE TORO (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Zamora
The collegiate church of Santa Maria la Mayor of Toro began his construction in the 12th century. His famous dome is inspired in that of the cathedral of Zamora. But not only the dome, the temple in yes is a small copy of the cathedral zamorana, though it possesses an own captivation. His head-board emphasizes triabsidal that stands out for his size, height and decoration.
COLEGIATA DE SANTILLANA DEL MAR (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Cantabria
Temple of plant basilical, with three naves finished off in the eastern part for sendos apses. After them, the transepto provides to him plant of Latin cross, which arms, as it happens in the Cathedral of Pony they do not exceed in plant the walls south and north. On the cruise there is raised a tower that contains vault and lantern. Delimited in two levels for molding decorated with rhombuses, they possess in his low level large windows and óculos alternating in his faces. In the top level gallery of arquillos decorated rhyming couplets of columnillas and capitals.
CONCATEDRAL DE SAN PEDRO DE SORIA (R)
Romanesque - 1st century - Soria
Constructed in the second half of the 12th century on a church of times of Alfonso I the conqueror. It was ruined in the 16th century on having tried to do modifications for what one tried to eliminate a prop of his head-board and was reconstructed in this epoch, for what the current set is formed by a Renaissance church of five naves by polygonal head-board and a set of diverse dependences of the collegiate church of the 12th century between those who emphasize the cloister, of great size constructed in the 13th century and the chapterhouse.
CONJUNTO EPISCOPAL DE TARRASA
Visigoth - 7th Century - Barcelona
Tarrasa, the ancient Egara, was episcopal see in the Visigothic period, between 450 and 711. This ensemble of three churches, the cathedral dedicated to Virgin Mary, the baptistry to St. Michael and the parrish church to St. Peter, was traditional with the bishoprics of that period so, although they have been built upon rests of previous constructions and partly rebuilt in the Romanesque period, they are considered to belong to the period when it was a bishopric.
CONJUNTO EREMÍTICO DE PEÑA ROTA (R)
Hermitages - 9th Century - Burgos
Located very close to Salas de los Infantes, it was partially dynamited at the beginning of the 20th century for the construction of a road. It is a hermit complex from the 8th and 9th centuries, which currently consists of 13 caves excavated in a large block of sandstone, of which several were only accessible by wooden stairs or stairs as the one existing in the only visitable. The rooms consisted of a wooden door, with a corridor leading to the cell, although there are two consisting of several cells with a single access corridor. There must also have been a cave temple that disappeared today.
CRIPTA DE SAN ANTOLIN
Visigoth - 7th Century - Palencia
It is under the cathedral of Palencia to which it gave rise. It seems it formed part of a larger construction, possibly with a double apse similar to the mausoleum of La Alberca. At present it consists of three irregular sections connected with large horseshoe arches that spring out from the floor. The last section is blocked by a wall behind three little arches upon columns with capitals and Visigothic cymatiums.
Cripta de San Pelay
Art of Alto Aragon - 10th Century - Huesca
San Pelay’s crypt corresponds to the original monastery of the 10th century; it consists of an alone nave with semicircular apse and door of access of horse-shoe on three columns to every side. The construction of the church, in the top part, corresponds to the second occupation at the end of the 11th century.