Index of files of monuments

CASTILLO DE TORIJA

Castles - 14th Century -

It was originally a Roman watchtower from which Torija got its name. Conquered by Alfonso VI in 1065, he gave it to the Templars who improved the fortress. After many vicissitudes and changes of owner, it became property of the Mendoza house. Built of stone in the 14th century, it is a medieval fortress before the use of artillery, located on the edge of the Alcarreño plateau and surrounded by a small outdoor enclosure, It has a square plan with high walls topped with a matacanes cornice, with circular turrets in the corners and a large square homage tower. He had the entrance on the north side.

CASTILLO DE TORREJÓN DE VELASCO (R)

Castles - 15th Century - Madrid

Also called castle of Puñonrostro, because it belonged to the lord of the same name until the confiscation of Mendizabal, it was built in the fifteenth century on a previous fortress of which we have heard since the thirteenth. It consists of a rectangular enclosure with cylindrical towers attached to a rectangular Keep that must have been four floors plus terrace, with two cylindrical towers in the outer corners, in which the pointed door to the entire enclosure was originally opened. Currently the Castle belongs to the City Hall and is planned soon to be remodeled.

CASTILLO DE TORRES DE MENZ (R)

Castles - 15th Century - La Coruña

CASTILLO DE UCLÉS (R)

Castles - 1st century - Cuenca

The convent castle of Uclés stands on an elongated hill in the highest area of ??the town. It has its origin in the Islamic citadel, since it is known that Alfonso VIII gave the Order of Santiago “villa and castle” in 1174, on which they built a fortress in the 15th century; it consisted of Patio de Armas, four, drawbridge next to the corresponding warehouses, warehouses and rooms. Most of the building is today under the current Monastery built in the sixteenth century. Today stand the so-called Torre Albarrana, Torre Palomar and part of remains of canvases that would close the castle to the south.

CASTILLO DE VALENCIA DE DON JUAN (R)

Castles - 14th Century - León

Built on an ancient castro of the Bronze, Iron and Roman Age, in 1180, in the time of Ferdinand II, the construction of a new castle is begun although its present appearance corresponds to a broad set of reforms carried out in the 14th and 15th centuries. Built in stone, brick and wall masonry, it consists of a moat, an antewall and a large battlement wall with triple cube towers. To the south stands the great tower of homage. Restored in several phases since the middle of the 20th century, it houses the Museum of the Castle of Valencia of Don Juan inside a building of iron, wood and glass installed in the interior of the tower of homage.

CASTILLO DE VILLALONSO (R)

Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Zamora

Typical castle inside many constructed, in this case on a strength of the Órden de Alcántara, for the Castilian nobles in the 15th century. It was consisting of two enclosures and broad pit that still it appreciates, though blocked up enough. Of the exterior enclosure scarcely remains and the interior stay, partially preserved, it is of plant squared with buckets in the corners and a tower of the honoring, also squared. The Catholic one was used by Isabel against Juana ‘ The Beltraneja ‘ and in the raising commoner against Carlos V. Restored in 2006, Nowadays it is in use for organization of events.

CASTILLO-IGLESIA DE TUREGANO (R)

Castles - 1st century - Segovia

The castle of Turégano has a beautiful temple dedicated to San Miguel, which would surely be erected after donation of the region by Doña Urraca to the bishops of Segovia, so it follows the traditional style of construction of the twelfth and thirteenth century . It was later when this great church was hidden behind the addition of towers, wall paintings, machicolations and halls in height, which hid the outside signs of its existence.

CATEDRAL (SEO) DE ZARAGOZA (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Zaragoza

On the ruins of the Roman temple of Caesar Augusta the Visigothic church dedicated to Saint Vincent was built later and later the great Islamic mosque of Saraqusta built between 714 and 716, which would make it one of the oldest of Al-Andalus . Alfonso I, the Battler, conquered Zaragoza on December 18, 1118, reinstating the Christian cult in the great mosque, provisionally converted into a church under the invocation of San Salvador in his Epiphany. There are cataloged three chronological moments in the Romanesque temple of La Seo: a first one of provisional use of the mosque, a second one that extends between years 1175 and 1198 when the head of five apses is built as well as the cover the feet of the temple and a third phase between 1225 and 1235 in which it was proposed to make a new transept that should not have been completed and which would correspond to three capitals found in the last excavations.

CATEDRAL DE CIUDAD RODRIGO (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Salamanca

The Cathedral of Santa María in Ciudad Rodrigo is one of the best late Romanesque complexes in Castilla y León. Its construction began in the last third of the twelfth century, hence its plant follows the lines of the Romanesque of the time (three naves plus one of transept and a head of three staggered apses of semicircular profile) but its long duration (more than one century) caused that its vaulting is already Gothic. As remarkable elements, it is necessary to mention the wonderful portals of the hastiales of the cruise: the one of the Chains, the one of Amayuelas and the one of the Forgiveness or of the Glory.

CATEDRAL DE LA ASUNCIÓN (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Soria

The Romanesque cathedral of the Asuncion was one of the first buildings that were done in Osma’s Hamlet, initiated about 1101 by the bishop San Pedro de Osma whose remains rest in the cathedral. To a little time to finish the work, in the 13th century, the bishop Juan Domínguez arranged his demolition to construct a Gothic temple. Of the first Romanesque alone building they reduce a couple of double arches of communication between chapterhouse and cloister located to the north side of the temple.

CATEDRAL DE LA SEO DE URGEL (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Lérida

The construction of Urgel’s Cathedral was initiated towards 1116-1122 by the bishop San Odón, today employer of the city. The temple is of enormous dimensions emphasizing, for his peculiarity and singularity, the semicircular gallery of small arches that is situated on the cylinder absidial. This gallery does not have precedent in the Iberian Peninsula, being able to meet others similar in countries as Germany, Italy and France, all of them following the Lombard style.

CATEDRAL DE LUGO (R)

Romanesque - 1st century, 13th Century - Lugo

Constructed between 1123 and 1273 on a previous building that we know that it had been restored in the 8th century, though his structure is Romanesque in her some solutions of the Gothic are mixed already. Of plant basilcal of three naves, cruise and three apses, the head-board was replaced in the S. The XIVth for a Gothic girola one with great central chapel and other smaller two to every side. To emphasizing the magnificent decoration of the north portico of the cruise, with three archivolts and Christ’s exceptional image in the eardrum.

CATEDRAL DE ORENSE (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Orense

Temple constructed in three phases for what it re-joins in the first Romanesque plan of construction, Cistercian solutions and some elements of the Gothic art. It consists of three naves covered by vault of crucería, a great ship of cruise with Gothic dome and three apses of semicircular plant.

CATEDRAL DE RODA DE ISABENA (R)

Romanesque - 11th Century - Huesca

Of plant basilical of three naves with three apses on crypts, it was constructed at the beginning of the 11th century by Lombard teachers on the remains of the first cathedral, of the 10th century, destroyed in Abd-Al-Malik’s razia. It suffered many later modifications in which elements were added as the front page of the south side, the tower or the crypt under the central ship, which gave the orders San Ramon built about 1125 in that his magnificent sarchofagus remains. Very interesting the Romanesque paintings of the north crypt the cloister and the set of five arcades that it leads to the chapterhouse.

CATEDRAL DE SAN PEDRO DE JACA

Romanesque - 11th Century - Huesca

The cathedral of Jaca is considered to be one of the most important temples of the first Romanesque Spanish. It was constructed from 1077 on order of the king Sancho Ramirez. There preserves his basic Romanesque structure: with plant basilical of three naves of five sections with his corresponding aligned apses, two doors of access and a slender dome. In the southern apse there are located the elements that summarize the architectural language typical of the Romanesque jaqués, spread later by the whole route jacobea: the chequerwork (that passes in the shape of fascia) and the balls, which are present in the interior supports.

CATEDRAL DE SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - La Coruña

From the appearance of the tomb of the apostle Santiago at the beginning of the S. The IXth, Compost Her it is, with Rome and Jerusalem, one of three more important centers of Christian peregrination. Already Alfonso II, in the same century, constructed the first church respecting the tomb and on her, which remained small immediately, it made other one Alfonso III, who in turn was replaced two centuries later with the Romanesque cathedral that we know. Turned into one of the most important temples of the christianity, it has plant in the shape of Latin cross of three naves, of 100m of length, with cruise of three naves and deambulatorio. In the 18th century west added in his front the spectacular baroque front to protect the famous Portico of the Glory.

CATEDRAL DE SIGÜENZA (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Guadalajara

Sigüenza’s cathedral was a building of fullly Romanesque take-off (initiated in the sixth decade of the 12th century) with head-board of five staggered semicircular apses. It developed until 1221 in a style that we might name tardorrománico or “protogótico” and that is reflected in the walls perimetrales by windows of half a point and the part to go down the western front with his three still Romanesque front pages.

CATEDRAL DE TARRAGONA (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Tarragona

Constructed in the same area that before there was a Roman temple, the chair visigoda and an Arabic mosque, it was begun in Romanesque style in 1171, but it did not finish up to the 14th century, already in fullness of the Gothic. It consists of the church, of plant basilical of three naves, with chapels added to wings from the S. XIV, one principal apse and four secondary ones and three doors of access, two Romanesque ones and Gothic other one. In addition it has a cloister constructed in the S. The XIIIth, to which one accedes from the north side of the head-board, a bedroom, refectory, warehouse, kitchen and chapterhouse.

CATEDRAL DE TUY (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Pontevedra

Constructed on a rocky hill between 1120 and 1180, it has form of Latin cross, of three naves with transepto and three chapels in the head-board. In his exterior stand out his crenellated towers that give him aspect of strength. The church was very modified in the later centuries, for what only they stay of his original construction the interior of the transepto, with capitals of great quality, and the north front page. Between the changes the later changes it is necessary to emphasize the great western front page, one of the most beautiful of the Spanish Gothic.

 

CATEDRAL DE ZAMORA (R)

Romanesque - 1st century - Zamora

The cathedral of Zamora was begun to construct in 1151. Nevertheless, successive modifications have spoilt his aspect to a great extent. The grand one toasts strength it was constructed later, in the XIIIth though it continued using the styles of the Romanesque one still when the Gothic already was left to feel in the zone. But no doubt, the most emblematic element of the temple is his magnificent dome that has come complete to the present day.

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