Turismo Prerrománico > Art and Culture > Castles in Spain > Index of files of castles

Index of files of castles


Castles - 15th Century, 14th Century - Guadalajara

Built by Diego Ordóñez, servant of Alfonso XI, partially destroyed in the time of Pedro I, rebuilt from 1426 and burned down by the Austrian armies in the War of Succession, it has been restored at the beginning of the 21st century. Of pentagonal plant, with crenellated cubes in four of its corners and in the southern side, where they are few rest of the wall, a great tower of the homage with its only door located to quite height, to which it is acceded by means of a staircase.



Castles - 14th Century - Valladolid

Built at the end of the 14th century, Enrique III “el Doliente” lived in it for three years, and was modified in the third quarter of the 16th century by Antonio del Río Aguilar to make it a family residence, adding a Renaissance courtyard of which only the remains of three capitals. It is square in plan with two towers, the one with the tribute has two mullioned windows, surrounded by a barbican and a moat and its decoration is limited to some heraldic emblems. Its exterior has been completely restored, although the interior has been dismantled and is used only for cultural events.


Castles - 11th Century - Huesca

It is the fortified complex of the XI with older dating and in which constructive contributions were made totally innovative with respect to the existing until now in our territory, such as the vault of edge of the main room of the tower. The set consists of a wall that surrounds the tower and a church. The tower, which is supposed to be built in Lombardy, is about four and a half meters in diameter, and eighteen meters high, with the access door on the second floor.


Castles - 13th Century - Burgos

Castle on a rock shaped by a mixture of constructions of the XIIth, XIIIth, XVth and XVIth century. Constructed in masonry in the 9th century like defense against the Muslims and preserved good, he devotes himself to uses tourist and to the organization of events. The tower of the honoring on a rock separated from the rest of the construction, with defenses and own cistern on a quadrangular enclosure formed by high crenellated walls with the court of weapon, a walk of round and paths round towers in the exterior vertexes were forming a defensive exceptional set.


Castles - 9th Century - Asturias

Placed in an elevation that was dominating the sea, on an accession of the VIIth and VIIIth century and possibly very previous, the castle was constructed by the Asturian monarches in the centuries VIII-IX. It was the most important strength of the kingdom, up to the point of which his name appears in the back of the Cross of the Victory that Alfoso III ordered to make in this place in the year 908. As it has revealed itself in the excavations, Gauzón was not only a castle, was treating itself about a complex of approximately 1.700 m2 endowed with military, residential, productive and sacred contents, as a monumental door protected by a great tower, a residential aristocratic space and a space eclesial with the church of San Salvador.


Castles - 16th Century - León

In a place in which there was an accession vacceo, occupied by the Romans from the year 117 and that was reconquered and strengthened in the 10th century, destroyed by Almanzor and reconstructed in 1162, constructed the current castle himself in the first quarter of the 16th century. Is considered to be the first gunner castle in Spain; it is of square form, on a bank, with four circular towers in the angles, a small door of access to the enclosure near a tower and it was surrounded by a pit today blocked up. The whole castle was refilled of land to render useless it and it has not been restored in spite of his good condition.


Castles - 14th Century - Guadalajara

Built in the 14th century, it is a square-plan castle formed by tall murallons with massive cylindrical turrets in the corners and a large square homage tower in its center with the door on the first floor. It had no outer enclosure, but had a small moat today disappeared. All those elements are crenellated and there are matacanes in the center of each side. The original entrance door, with a semicircular arch, is almost blocked by one of the constructions added later. The castle has been restored and is currently for sale.


Castles - 13th Century - Valladolid

Existing before the Arab invasion, it was destroyed by Abderraman III, in an area repopulated in 1086 by Alfonso VI. What exists today comes from its construction in the thirteenth century from which are conserved some walls and the tower of the Homage, with four floors of wood, and from the reform of the fifteenth century, in which the tower was reinforced and a barbican was added and, on the opposite side a large defensive structure and a moat in its access from the moor. After diverse vicissitudes the castle passed to property of the City Council of Íscar that has restored it for use in various events.


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Guadalajara

With Arab origin, on an area fortified by the Romans, it was reconquered by Alfonso VI in 1086, it was ignored until the 15th century, when Pedro González de Mendoza, Bishop of Sigüenza, began the construction of this Renaissance castle-palace on a narrow plateau. It is a rectangular construction of high crenellated walls, with very few openings, six circular towers and two square and without a keep, with the door located between two towers on the south side. Inside, completely empty, there was an area dedicated to the residence of the owners. Purchased by the City Council, it was restored some 30 years ago.


Castles - 14th Century - Avila

Built in the late fourteenth or early fifteenth century around a Gothic church of the mid-thirteenth century, which only conserve the apse and the remains of the nave, and on the remains of a former Templar fortification, consists of a wall exterior with circular cubes and an interior enclosure where the church is located, a Renaissance building of two floors, from the sixteenth century, with a beautiful patio, in addition to the well and subterranean passageways lintelled and vaulted.


Castles - 11th Century - Zaragoza

It is one of the few Romanesque castles built on a plain, in order to control an important north-south communication route. Building of Sancho Ramírez towards 1083, of which the central tower of 7m of side and four plants in its origin is conserved, although now they are five, remade most in principles of S. XIII. The residential building that surrounds it, about 20m on the side, late Gothic from the XIV-XV centuries, serves as a buttress for the tower. All this was surrounded by a wall built in sillar stone of 160m length partly crenellated.


Castles - 13th Century - Badajoz

Built in the 13th century by the order of Alcántara, after the conquest of the area by Fernando III, on the ruins of an Arab fortress. It consists of a main building with two towers, a prismatic and another circular, surrounded by a wall, which, in the 15th century, was expanded to include a new building with housing and other buildings, leaving a “parade ground” between both buildings. Today it is a private property and few months ago reached an agreement with the City Council to illuminate the Castle.


Castles - 1st century - Alicante

Arabic castle built by the Almohads in the 12th century, which was conquered by the infant Alfonso de Castilla in 1245 and passed to the kingdom of Valencia in 1296. Formed by two fortified spaces, the highest, containing the citadel, it was formed by a polygonal wall with eight solid cubes distributed irregularly and with a large tower that we find in a mess located to the left of the main entrance and another triangular of Gothic period. In the outer enclosure have been found remains of domestic units and many objects for personal use.


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Valladolid

With the longest history since the zone was repopulated in the 11th century up to the war of The Commoners. The castle is of trapezoidal form and consists of two enclosures. The first one or barbican is a great barrier artillera constructed in times of the Kings Católicos, who turned to the Castle of the Speck in the strength artillera more advanced of Europe. The second one is a very solid building with walls of great height, towers in the angles, tower of the honoring, chapel, court of weapon and other dependences.


Castles - 13th Century - León

Located within the walls surrounding the villa, Built in the 13th century, the conserved building belongs to a reconstruction of the 15th. Trapezoidal enclosure of about 32m of side, with the rounded southwest angle, that it possessed walkways, arrow slits, towers of flanking, latrines, and several cubes and conserves in good condition a tower of the external homage of five floors and top plan battlements . Municipal property since 1993, is in progressive ruin in spite of being Good of Cultural Interest since 1949 and being catalogued with Nº 26 in the Inventory of Protection of European Cultural Heritage.


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - La Rioja

Built in the second half of the fifteenth century on the site of an earlier fortress, possibly from the fourteenth century, which sank in 1457, is a rectangular building with four square towers on the vertices, crowned by a cornice run with matacanes, of greater height that of the Southwest angle that is considered like tower of the homage. All the route that is conserved corresponds to its structure of that time, although in the eighteenth century modifications were made to improve its habitability. After passing through different owners, since 1999 it belongs to the community of La Rioja that has carried out some improvement works.


Castles - 11th Century - Huesca

The castle was built in the 11th century by order of King Sancho III to serve as a frontier outpost. Of this time they date the real building, the chapel, the tower of the Queen, the courtyard of arms, the military stays and of service and the tower of the homage, old tower albarrana. Later, around 1071, during the reign of Sancho Ramírez an extension and remodeling was carried out that included the church. The walled enclosure is built in 1287.


Castles - 14th Century - Burgos

As a result of the feudalisation of the territories of Castile between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, the families of the small nobility that prospered in this environment of the vale of Mena, built residences of defensive character, of which this castle is one of the most interesting and best preserved. Built by the Velasco family at the end of the 14th century, it is a four-storey tower and a terrace, about 20m high and thick walls, surrounded by a fence built of masonry with cubes and defensive towers. It is in very good condition after a restoration that deserved a medal from the Spanish Association of Friends of the Castles.


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Madrid

Built by the Mendoza family in the 15th century to replace a previous castle from which remains are preserved near the village of Manzanares el Real. It is one of the most complete and best-preserved Renaissance palaces-fortresses of the many that were built by the Castilian nobles in the time of Juan II and Enrique IV. It has a square ground plan with three circular cubes and a square tower of greater size in its angles, topped by a terrace with machicolations and battlements and surrounded by a defensive wall, its interior is conceived as a sumptuous palace.

Sort by
Search term
State of conservation