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Index of files of castles


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Cuenca

Fortress-palace Renaissance built by Juan Pacheco, first Marquis of Villena and restored in the S. XIX by Eugenia de Montijo, in recent years has been rehabilitated and open to the public. Formed by two enclosures, the interior in the form of a star is formed by two bodies formed a triangle with the homage tower in front and six other cylindrical towers, all closed in the form of a star by a wall. The outer enclosure is an artillery barrier with three doors and a hundred shooting points. Inside you can see beautiful coffered ceilings, period furniture, an audiovisual and a guided tour.


Castles - 14th Century - Caceres

Considered one of the most important castles of Extremadura, it was built in the fourteenth century around a great tower of homage of the previous century and was receiving modifications and new Gothic elements, Renaissance and baroque in the later centuries, until conforming this impressive fortress that still impresses despite its state of abandonment. Surrounded by a wall with defensive towers, also of different styles and periods, we find the castle, of polygonal structure with several towers and a series of residential dependencies of posterior construction, among which are the remains of a cloister.


Castles - 10th Century - Soria

Documented from the 10th century, the castle was conquered from the Muslims by Fernando I in 1059. It was modified in the 15th century and in the XVIth one surrounded him with a strength artillera with trapezoidal form finished off by circular buckets. The medieval castle has rectangular plant with tower of the honoring and is divided in two courts: the court of weapon of quadrangular plant and the residential one with porches of Gothic columns concerning a central cistern. Recently archaeological investigations have been done and it has been restored.


Castles - 11th Century - Zaragoza

Although the origin of the castle is in the reign of Sancho III el Mayor, it is believed that the tower is the work of Norman builders in the time of Sancho Ramírez around 1060. Within an irregular wall is this great tower, of which only the exterior walls, which had five floors of 105 m2, plus open platform on the top floor, with a total height of 25 m. The floors had wooden floors supported on four arches from the previous floor, in a palace-tower structure.


Castles - 15th Century - Madrid

On an Arab fortress built where there was already a Visigoth settlement, in the fifteenth century the current castle was built, based on bricks, in Gothic-Mudejar style. Located in the southeast corner of the wall that surrounds the entire historic center of Buitrago, it is a rectangle with a large central courtyard. It has four towers at the angles and another three in the center of three of the canvases, all of stone and all solid up to the level of the adarve where they have their access, except one, pentagonal, which is accessed from the courtyard of arms. It was surrounded by a moat. It is currently being restored.


Castles - 19th Century - Vizcaya

His history begins in the 11th century with the construction in this place of a tower, which in the XIVth was transformed into an impregnable castle of which only the ground floor stays of one of his towers because between the XIXth and XXth century it was reconstructed, following the romantic style of the castles of Luís II of Bavaria, inspired by Gothic, northern and fantastic forms, since we can see in his current aspect.


Castles - 13th Century - Ciudad Real

Built after the victory of the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212), this monumental complex, seat of the Order of Calatrava and one of the most impressive military complexes of the Middle Ages in Spain, consists of three walled enclosures, which They house a castle, the church, the convent, the hostelry, and various rooms for the cemetery, the stables, the vegetable garden and the workshops of the craftsmen. Its surprising church is a large Romanesque church with three naves and a tripartite head, in which Gothic structures are already mixed.


Castles - 14th Century - Alicante

After Iberian and Roman settlements, in the eleventh century an Arab military area was created on a hill of great strategic importance, which was incorporated into the crown of Aragon in 1244. After important transformations in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, its present appearance corresponds to a refurbishment of the sixteenth in which the Grossa Tower was added. The castle is formed by a walled enclosure with the Palau, of residential character, at one end and the Grossa Tower, on the other, with the courtyard of weapons, the reservoir and other dependencies in its restored interior at the end of the twentieth century, the castle is in very good condition.


Castles - 14th Century - Burgos

Castrojeriz, important stage of the Way of Santiago, was occupied by Celts, Romans, Visigoths, Arabs and finally Christians from the year 882 and in his castle, which was constructed by the Arabs and reformed in the 14th century, important battles developed between Christians and Moors. Of very irregular form, there was surrounded by a pit and a barbican by the most important displaced body in the western part, that consists of three parts. That of the south is situated very destroyed. That of the center, in which the tower of the honoring should have been, reports with the court of weapon for a small ogival door and the part west there was a tower.


Castles - 14th Century - Burgos


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Albacete

Arabic castle built on Roman and visigoths remains, reconquered in 1241 and totally reconstructed in the 15th century. It was used as prison between the 17th century and the XXth. Of big proportions, point is formed by two enclosures separated by an enormous pit of 6m of high place by 10 of width excavated in the rock, with a drawbridge – today eliminated – that was leading to his only door, of double arch of way placed between two cylindrical buckets. The wall was completed by towers of rectangular plant in the corners and cylindrical buckets distributed by the interior wall.


Castles - 11th Century - Valencia

Castle of Arab origin, built on a rocky mass overlooking the canyons of the river Júcar. Fortress of defensive nature, with arrow slits, parapets, embrasures and a pit in one of its sides, is triangular in shape to adapt to the terrain on the ground, with two towers, one trapezoid with several levels and another square of two levels, in which one of them the barrel vault is still preserved. After its conquest by the Christians, it was a center of operations in the wars against the Moors. It was very restored in the 15th century.


Castles - 15th Century - Segovia

Military castle of Gothic-Mudéjar style considered the prototype of Castilian stately castle of the fifteenth century. Built in brick in the middle of the 15th century, it consists of two enclosures, both battlements and with towers, the exterior, defensive, is surrounded by a large pit with a single access door protected by two large brick cubes. The interior enclosure is of square plan with towers in the corners, the largest is that of homage, with a spiral staircase in its interior that gives access to the different floors. To highlight the magnificent Mudéjar decoration of its rooms made with stuccos and paintings. Ceded for 100 years to the Ministry of Agriculture, it was restored between 1956 and 1958 and houses the Forest Training School.


Castles - 11th Century - Valencia


Castles - 1st century - Toledo

Existing since the Visigoth era, it is sadly famous because in the battle of Consuegra the only male son of the Cid Campeador was rebuilt in the 12th and 13th centuries by the Knights Hospitallers. It consists of a square central body with large cylindrical towers on each side and an Albarrana tower connected by an adarve with the rest of the construction and all surrounded by a defensive barrier. Very deteriorated by the French troops in the War of Independence, it has been very well restored by the City of Consuegra. We recommend your visit.


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Caceres

It was built on a former fortress of Roman origin, and on a Templar fortress in the 12th century, which was enlarged in 1472 and joined to an Albarran tower that also existed before, possibly since the 13th century. The five-storey keep-up tower with the upper crenellated terrace has a pentagonal shape, formed by a square to which is added a triangle on one side, whose vertex protrudes from the walls. It has two doors, one of them blinded, the inner staircase at one of the angles and in the center of the upper part of each side there is a guardhouse.


Castles - 10th Century - Burgos


Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century - Segovia

Built in the 15th and 16th centuries, by Bertrán de la Cueva and his successors on a Previous Fortress, it was Occupied by French Troops During the war of Independence. It has a rectangular plan with Towers at the corners, three of them Cylindrical and the Fourth square, which in its Lower part retains a large Brick arch, possibly preserved from the Previous construction, with one of the access doors to the Castle. Very interesting the wide Renaissance gallery on the South side of the wall. Very well restored, it has been converted into Secondary Education Institute, file of the dukedom of Alburquerque and offers Tourist visits.



Renacentista, Castles - 15th Century, 14th Century - La Rioja

Cuzcurrita, in the Middle Ages, was a strong walled square, beside having his castle outside. The current strength was constructed, astride of the XIVth and XVth century. It is an enclosure walled of square plant, which takes advantage of the river and a creek molinar as pit of defense, with buckets in the angles and a slender tower of the honoring without windows not saeteras, except some small opening practised nowadays, and that in his four top angles presents four projecting ones not very declared like sentry boxes or watchtowers. It has been restored in the middle of the 20th century.


Castles - 1st century - Avila

Built in the twelfth century on a castro veton that was destroyed by the Romans, and rebuilt in the fourteenth century, is a castle of square plan, surrounded by moat and contrafos today disappeared, with cylindrical cubes in its corners and a large tower of homage, also square, located very close to the gate of ojival access. In the courtyard of weapons there was a Romanesque archery and the dependencies attached to the walls with the main areas on the noble floor and the rooms on the second floor. Currently only the walls and towers are conserved.

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