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Index of files of monuments

BAPTISTERIO DE GABIA LA GRANDE

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Granada

Semi buried building, almost square, with an octogonal font in white marmor in its centre, covered with a media sphere vault and with an apse, a tower with a spiral staircase and a long access gallery. The whole decoration found suggests it was built during the first Byzantine domination of this part of Spain.

Basílica de Algezares

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Murcia

It has a basilical plan with three naves separated by arches upon columns and a single semicircular apse. It had an attached circular baptistry with a round pool. The construction technique is a very poor one but remnants of a rich decoration of inner doors with geometrical drawings, columns with secant circles, wreathed pilasters, …

BASÍLICA DE BOVALAR (R)

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Lérida

Settlement occupied between the 5th and 8th centuries where, inside a village of stone houses, there is a Paleochristian basilica with three naves separated by columns with an apse with two funerary side chapels, a baptistery with a small pool for baptism by immersion with a Visigoth-era canopy, and a necropolis in and around the church. Visigothic coins from Egica, Akhila and Witiza have been found in the excavations. It seems that the whole set caught fire in the early S. VIII and was abandoned.

BASÍLICA DE CABEZA DE GRIEGO

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Cuenca

Remains of the largest Visigothic church ever known have been found in the ruins of the Roman city of Segóbriga It was of basilical type with an elongated pseudo crossing with the shape of “tau”. It was dismantled during the restoration of the Monastey of Uclés and only the studies of the excavation in the 18th century and a few remnants of the decoration have survived.

Basílica de Casa Herrera

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Caceres

It has a square basilical plan of 15 metres by side with three naves separated by six columns and two opposed apses, both unattached, with prolonged semicircular shape. It was totally surounded by a set of small compartments that suggest it was built by African monks.

BASÍLICA DE EIO (Tolmo de Minateda)

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Albacete

Rests of an Iberian and Roman city have been excavated in a plateau in Hellín. It was built at the end of the 6th century and beginnings of the 7th century. It included a large three nave basilic with lateral compartments on the chevet and a baptistry at its feet. The whole surrounding is becoming an archeological park that it is expected to be open to the public by the end of 2008.

Basílica de El Germo

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Córdoba

It has a basilical plan of 19 x 13 m, with three naves separted by rectangular supports and two opposed apses that connect on the southern side with another extended building, also with a double apse that contained an oval baptismal font. There was also a lateral portico in the northern side. It seems it was further used after the Arab invasion.

Basílica de Illetas del Rey

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

Very similar to Torrello’s with a basilical plan with three naves and a square apse with two small lateral compartments. Here also the most interesting thing are the mosaics, very naturalist and fanciful, with drawings of flowers, plants and animals. Part of those have been preserved in the basilic an specially in the Museum of Mahón.

Basílica de la Alcúdia de Elche

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Alicante

Excavated in 1905 in Alcúdia de Elche, it has also been considered as a sinagogue of the 4th century. It consists of an apse nave of 11 x 8 m facing from east to west and paved with mosaics in blue, white, pink and yellow. Almost the whole decoration of the nave, divided by friezes in three decorative sections, is geometrical and floral with Greek inscriptions.

Basílica de Son Bou

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

A basilical plan with three naves and three apses, the central one with a nartex and two annexes. It seems it had an external baptistry that was later transferred to the left apse where there is a monolithical, cylindrical baptismal font with the shape of a cross. There was a door to each nave within the portico. No mosaics nor decoration have been found, but the construction is of great quality.

BASÍLICA DE SON PERETÓ

Visigodo - Siglo V, Siglo VI - Baleares

It has a basilical plan with three naves separated by a square central apse. The baptistry, with a four lobed baptismal font, was placed in front of the facade. From the rests of the decoration, the mosaics are remarkable for their quality and motifs: floral and geometrical, most certainly inspired in North African or Tarragona models.

Basílica de Torelló

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

With a basilical plan of 24 x 10 m, with three naves separated by rectangular supports and a square. Most interesting in this monument are the mosaics that have been found: a rectangle around the space of the altar and a krater with a peacock on each side in the presbytery decorated with grapes and birds, two lions confronted with a palm tree in the middle of the shrine and geometrical motifs in the nave.

Basílica de Torre de Palma

Visigodo - Siglo IV - Alto Alentejo

It consists of a building divided in two parts, each one with two opposed apses, one with three naves and the other one with just one that covers the complete width, where there is also an attached rectangular baptistry on the northern side with attached compartments. Obviously designed and built as an homogeneous ensemble.

BASÍLICA DE VEGA DE MAR

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Málaga

It is one of the most meaningful churches in North African style. It has a basilical plan with three naves, with two apses, two lateral porticos and a very interesting baptismal font in the apse's lateral chamber. It is surrounded by a nechropolis where there are tombs from a long period, since beginnings of Christianity until the 7th century.

Basílica Paleocristiana de Barcelona

Visigodo - Siglo V - Barcelona

Partially buried under the left side of the gothic cathedral, remains of an Early Christian cathedral and an octogonal baptistry have been excavated. From the building that faces northeast we only know a part of its three naves of very irregular shape where two sarcophagus and remnants of paintings in Roman style have been found.

Casa Basílica de Mérida

Visigodo - Siglos IV-V - Caceres

Located upon part of the theatre, it is a two nave building separated by a wall that connects each other through a lateral door, and two apses of the same width as the naves. Part of the pavement has been preserved with geometrical drawings and paintings on thw walls with heathen motifs. Apparently it was later turned into two attached churches.

Cella Memoriae de Ampurias

Visigodo - Siglo IV - Gerona

Within the rests of an ancient Roman villa, we find those of a basilical construction with two naves, with an apse with semicircular shape internally and rectangular outside, that leaves two chambers between them. It has not been posible to determine whether it is an Early Christian basilic or an old building of Roman times reutilised later.

CONJUNTO EPISCOPAL DE TARRASA

Visigodo - Siglo VII - Barcelona

Tarrasa, the ancient Egara, was episcopal see in the Visigothic period, between 450 and 711. This ensemble of three churches, the cathedral dedicated to Virgin Mary, the baptistry to St. Michael and the parrish church to St. Peter, was traditional with the bishoprics of that period so, although they have been built upon rests of previous constructions and partly rebuilt in the Romanesque period, they are considered to belong to the period when it was a bishopric.

CRIPTA DE SAN ANTOLIN

Visigodo - Siglo VII - Palencia

It is under the cathedral of Palencia to which it gave rise. It seems it formed part of a larger construction, possibly with a double apse similar to the mausoleum of La Alberca. At present it consists of three irregular sections connected with large horseshoe arches that spring out from the floor. The last section is blocked by a wall behind three little arches upon columns with capitals and Visigothic cymatiums.

Ermita de la Virgen del Val

Visigodo - Siglo VII - Soria

An hermitage totally redone in the 12th century, formed by a nave and a narrower apse, separated by a a triumphal arch, that is now a semicircular one. It preserves multiple remains of imposts and other elements, decorated with bevelled geometrical drawings, similar to the friezes in St. Juan de Baños. Although there are doubts that they may come from other places, for the quantity and location in the present building, the Visigothic origin of the church seems more probable.

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