Turismo Prerrománico > Art and Culture > Mozarabic Art > Index of files of monuments

Index of files of monuments

ALCALÁ DE MONCAYO (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Zaragoza

Embedded in a semicircular cube of the castle wall we find a geminated window reused. Due to its characteristics, it corresponds to a Mozarabic building from the beginning of the 10th century. The jambs are made of sandstone ashlars. One on the left side and two on the right. Parteluz based on a monolithic cylindrical column on a very damaged base and on its top, a capital of simple forms based on leaves scarcely marked at their angles, with a central rib and a ball or perhaps pineapple at the top vertex.

BASÍLICA DE BOBASTRO

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Málaga

Built in what is believed to have been the capital of the independent territory created by Omar Ibn Hafsún in Al Andalus during the second half of the 9th century and destroyed by Abd al Rahman the Third in 928. It is a church excavated in a large rock, for which it is still preserved today. Of basilical plan with transept, three naves separated by horseshoe arches, and three apses, with the central one in horseshoe arch inscribed in a square with rectangular laterals.

Ermita de Sant Hilari

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Barcelona

Located in the private “Quadra de Sant Hilari”, it seems to be a building from the last Roman or Visigothic period; destroyed during the Arab invasion and rebuilt after the Reconquest in the 9th century. It has a single nave and a narrower apse, joined by a triumphal arch with double voussoir and sculpted imposts.

ERMITA DE SANTA CECILIA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Burgos

Located in Barriosuso, near Covarrubias, it already appears in a diploma from 924; after that, a Romanesque portico was attached to it. It has a single nave of 9 by 5m with a wooden cover and a square apse of 2 by 2m that has a cruciform window formed by five rings and covered with a semicircular dome, separated by a horseshoe arch. Part of its decoration recalls Quintanilla’s.

Ermita de Santa Cruz de Montes

Mozárabe - Siglo X - León

This centre of hermitage life lies in the surroundings of the Valley of Silence, where St. Fructuoso retired to pray in the 7th century. It was built during that century, destroyed after with the Arab invasion and rebuilt at the beginnings of the 9th century and of which, after the reconstruction in the 18th century, only remain embedded in the small rural church, three Visigothic pieces of great interest: a foundational inscription -stolen in 2007-, a window with drip cap and a piece of an inner door.

Monasterio de Valeránica

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Burgos

This monastery, which remnants have been found at 2 Km from the village of Tordomar, and of which some decoration pieces have been preserved, some in Condal style and others in Mozarabic style, is one of the most famous from its period because the monk Florencio accomplished his work there; an exceptional caligraph and miniaturist, author of the bible called “Codex Gothicus Legionensis”, among many others, preserved in the Colegiata of St. Isidoro in León.

PORTA FERRADA (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo IX - Gerona

Attached to the Monastery of St. Feliú de Guixols, we find this atrium, blocked in one side by a set of five horseshoe arches of different sizes, upon columns and capitals of Mozarabic type, upon which there is another level of Lombard decoration and structure, with three sets of triple semi circular rounds of arches. Its origin is unknown; it could be a Mozarabic construction of the 10th century in which the upper level was replaced later.

SAN BAUDELIO DE BERLANGA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Soria

It is the most extraordinary building in all Mozarabic. Its outside is very simple, its inside, amazing: a nave with a central palm tree from which eight arches stem out that support the vault, the apse on the eastern side and a “small mosque” on the western half with five vaulted naves upon horseshoe arches that support the choir with another small apse in it; all decorated with a magnificent set of paintings.

SAN CEBRIÁN DE MAZOTE

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Valladolid

Built around 910, its structure seems a compendium of the most remarkable characteristics of Spanish pre Romanesque architecture that has reached these days. In fact, it is a church with three naves, three apses, being the central one semi circular, and squre the lateral ones, with nave and crossing lantern and another apse at the end of the central nave. All of that supported upon horseshoe arches

San Esteban de Viguera

Mozárabe - Siglo X - La Rioja

Pequeña iglesia incrustada en un paisaje excepcional, que consta de una nave, un presbiterio que está separado de la nave por un iconostasio con una puerta y dos ventanas, las tres terminadas en arcos de medio punto, y un ábside de planta en forma de herradura irregular. Todo el edificio está abovedado y conserva un importante conjunto de frescos inspirados en los beatos mozárabes, que recuerdan a los frescos más antiguos de San Baudelio de Berlanga.

San Juliá de Boada

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Gerona

Formed by an apse and an irregular nave, with two stretches covered by barrel vaults, although originally it had a wooden roof, separated by a great transverse prolonged horseshoe arch, prolonged up to almost a half of its radius. The apse is covered with a horseshoe vault, with acces arch prolonged in one third of its radius and with Mozarabic window. It is likely that the apse and the first stretch of the nave were built in Visigothic times and the second one and the cover in Mozarabic times.

SAN MARTIÑO DE PAZÓ

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Orense

Esta iglesia, construida en grandes sillares de granito en la primera mitad del siglo X, es de una sola nave y tenía un ábside en forma de herradura inscrito en un cuadrado, hoy desaparecido. Muy reconstruida en diferentes épocas, conserva sólo dos puertas laterales en forma de herradura con alfiz, de aspecto claramente mozárabe y los restos de dos ventanas originales de arco de herradura en la actual fachada principal.

SAN MIGUEL DE CELANOVA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Orense

Built around 940 by St. Rosendo in memory of his brother Froila, this small oratory of 8.5 x3.85 x 6m, built with large blocks of well cut granite, consists of three small areas communicated through horseshoe arches: a lobby covered with a horseshoe dome, a central nave of groin vault, both rectangular, and a horseshoe shaped apse inscribed in a square wih shell dome.

SAN MIGUEL DE CUXÁ (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo IX - Pirineos Orientales

Fundado en el año 879, este monasterio es el representante más significativo del Arte Mozárabe en Cataluña y, junto a San Pedro de Roda y Santa María de Ripoll, uno de los ejemplos más interesantes de la Alta Edad Media Catalana. En su planta de gran tamaño, es basilical de tres naves separadas por arquerías de herradura, con crucero con absidiolos que sobresale de las naves y ábside cuadrado, encontramos un claro ejemplo de transición al Románico.

 

SAN MIGUEL DE ESCALADA

Mozárabe - Siglo X - León

Built by monks that came from Cordova, it is one of the most interesting churches of the Mozarabic period. It has three naves separated by horseshoe arches upon columns and capitals with a crossing with the same width as the naves, separtated from them by an iconostasis, also of horseshoe arches upon columns, and three apses with a horseshoe shaped plan inscribed in a square, being the central one larger in size than the lateral ones.

San Miguel de Gormaz

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Soria

Although this hermitage, that consists of a single nave and a square apse, is considered as Romanesque from the beginnings of the 12th century, we include it in our study because, besides having Visigothic elements and a horseshoe arch that was blocked, 186 m of wall paintings have been discovered, with religious motifs, many of them related with Apocalypsis, considered to belong to the same school as St. Baudelio de Berlanga’s.

SAN MILLÁN DE SUSO

Mozárabe - Siglo X - La Rioja

This small monastic church, protecting a cave monastery of the 6th century, is formed by two naves, something quite unique in Spain; two apses and a portico attached to the mountain. Due to several setbacks we find in it Visigothic, Mozarabic and Early Romanesque remnants. This monastery, declared World Heritage, was the see of an important scriptorium, origin of the first very early writings in Spanish in the 10th century.

San Pedro de Lourosa

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Beira Interior Sul

Considered to be the only Mozarabic monument preserved in Portugal, it is a three nave basilic with flat cover, separated by horseshoe arches of a structure very similar to the Visigothics ones, upon Doric columns, possibly reutilized, and three apses; the central one being much larger than the lateral ones, as well as with the naves. An inscription dates it in 912. It is strongly influenced by the Asturian art and the Visigothic way of building.

San Pedro de Montes

Mozárabe - Siglo X - León

Close to the former one and built also in Visigothic style in the 7th century, rebuilt by St. Genadio in the 9th century in Mozarabic style, and again by the Benedictine monks in 1243 in Romanesque style; after its collapse , it is practically abandoned since Mendizabal’s disentailment. Among the rests that correspond to the Romanesque structure, only prevail in the tower a few capitals and windows in Visigothic style.

San Quice de Pedret

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Barcelona

A partir de una primera construcción, posiblemente visigoda, formada por una única nave y un ábside trapezoidal, en el siglo X se amplió a una estructura de tres naves y otra transversal a modo de crucero, cubiertas con bóvedas de piedra, añadiendo al ábside inicial otros dos laterales semicirculares. Los distintos espacios están comunicados entre sí mediante arcos de herradura. En su interior existe un interesante conjunto de pinturas mozárabes y románicas.

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