Index of files of monuments

ALCALÁ DE MONCAYO (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Zaragoza

Embedded in a semicircular cube of the castle wall we find a geminated window reused. Due to its characteristics, it corresponds to a Mozarabic building from the beginning of the 10th century. The jambs are made of sandstone ashlars. One on the left side and two on the right. Parteluz based on a monolithic cylindrical column on a very damaged base and on its top, a capital of simple forms based on leaves scarcely marked at their angles, with a central rib and a ball or perhaps pineapple at the top vertex.

ALCAZABA DE TRUJILLO (R)

Castillo - Siglo IX - Caceres

Constructed by the Arabs in the second half of the 9th century, in the high of a rocky hill, it is formed by a construction of square plant of some 40m of side inside a wall of 900m of perimeter. The castle, which is constructed by Roman re-used ashlars, consists of two parts forming two big geometric adjacent enclosures. One is the Court of Weapon, with form of square, with a door placed between two towers, and other one, acquaintance as Albacar, with plant in the shape of hexagon. In times of the Kings Católicos a barbican was added.

ALCÁZAR DE SEGOVIA (R)

Castillo - Siglo XV, Siglo XIII - Segovia

It is one of the most impressive Spanish castles and of major historical importance. Documented from 1122 and with Roman and Arabic precedents, it was a royal residence from Alfonso VIII. Modified and extended by Fernando III and Alfonso X and later kings at least up to Philip II, in him Isabel The Catholic one was crowned as queen of Castile. Later it was prison, Royal College of Artillery and Historical Military File. Of irregular plant, it is clear of an exterior area that it includes the court, pit, drawbridge and tower of the honoring, and the interior of four floors, garrets, basements and several lounges and a chapel.

ANTECRIPTA DE SAN ANTOLÍN (R)

Románico - Siglo XI - Palencia

Romanesque constructions in Palencia and in Castile in yes, since till then one had come this alone style realizing in the Aragonese and Asturian zone. Of the Romanesque cathedral you upset some vestiges have come to us, nevertheless, it turns out to be fundamental to know this crypt, since in her they agree the bases of what later would be the Romanesque one.

ASUNCIÓN DE MARÍA DE BOSSÒST (R)

Románico - Siglo XII - Lérida

The church of the Asunción de María de Bossòst was built at the end of the 12th century following the Valle d’Aran standard consisting of a basilica floor plan with three naves and semicircular apses. It has two belfries (one high on the north side and the other lower belfry on the roof) and two access doors to the temple, one in the north with a sculpted tympanum and a simpler one to the south.

BAPTISTERIO DE GABIA LA GRANDE

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Granada

Semi buried building, almost square, with an octogonal font in white marmor in its centre, covered with a media sphere vault and with an apse, a tower with a spiral staircase and a long access gallery. The whole decoration found suggests it was built during the first Byzantine domination of this part of Spain.

Basílica de Algezares

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Murcia

It has a basilical plan with three naves separated by arches upon columns and a single semicircular apse. It had an attached circular baptistry with a round pool. The construction technique is a very poor one but remnants of a rich decoration of inner doors with geometrical drawings, columns with secant circles, wreathed pilasters, …

BASÍLICA DE BOBASTRO

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Málaga

Built in what is believed to have been the capital of the independent territory created by Omar Ibn Hafsún in Al Andalus during the second half of the 9th century and destroyed by Abd al Rahman the Third in 928. It is a church excavated in a large rock, for which it is still preserved today. Of basilical plan with transept, three naves separated by horseshoe arches, and three apses, with the central one in horseshoe arch inscribed in a square with rectangular laterals.

BASÍLICA DE BOVALAR (R)

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Lérida

Settlement occupied between the 5th and 8th centuries where, inside a village of stone houses, there is a Paleochristian basilica with three naves separated by columns with an apse with two funerary side chapels, a baptistery with a small pool for baptism by immersion with a Visigoth-era canopy, and a necropolis in and around the church. Visigothic coins from Egica, Akhila and Witiza have been found in the excavations. It seems that the whole set caught fire in the early S. VIII and was abandoned.

BASÍLICA DE CABEZA DE GRIEGO

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Cuenca

Remains of the largest Visigothic church ever known have been found in the ruins of the Roman city of Segóbriga It was of basilical type with an elongated pseudo crossing with the shape of “tau”. It was dismantled during the restoration of the Monastey of Uclés and only the studies of the excavation in the 18th century and a few remnants of the decoration have survived.

Basílica de Casa Herrera

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Caceres

It has a square basilical plan of 15 metres by side with three naves separated by six columns and two opposed apses, both unattached, with prolonged semicircular shape. It was totally surounded by a set of small compartments that suggest it was built by African monks.

BASÍLICA DE EIO (Tolmo de Minateda)

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Albacete

Rests of an Iberian and Roman city have been excavated in a plateau in Hellín. It was built at the end of the 6th century and beginnings of the 7th century. It included a large three nave basilic with lateral compartments on the chevet and a baptistry at its feet. The whole surrounding is becoming an archeological park that it is expected to be open to the public by the end of 2008.

Basílica de El Germo

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Córdoba

It has a basilical plan of 19 x 13 m, with three naves separted by rectangular supports and two opposed apses that connect on the southern side with another extended building, also with a double apse that contained an oval baptismal font. There was also a lateral portico in the northern side. It seems it was further used after the Arab invasion.

Basílica de Illetas del Rey

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

Very similar to Torrello’s with a basilical plan with three naves and a square apse with two small lateral compartments. Here also the most interesting thing are the mosaics, very naturalist and fanciful, with drawings of flowers, plants and animals. Part of those have been preserved in the basilic an specially in the Museum of Mahón.

Basílica de la Alcúdia de Elche

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Alicante

Excavated in 1905 in Alcúdia de Elche, it has also been considered as a sinagogue of the 4th century. It consists of an apse nave of 11 x 8 m facing from east to west and paved with mosaics in blue, white, pink and yellow. Almost the whole decoration of the nave, divided by friezes in three decorative sections, is geometrical and floral with Greek inscriptions.

BASÍLICA DE SAN VICENTE (R)

Románico - Siglo XII - Avila

The construction of the basilica of San Vicente de Ávila began in 1130, beginning with its head, which has an evident Romanesque style. It is dedicated to the saints Vicente, Sabina and Cristeta, martyrs of the beginning of the 4th century whose relics are found on the main altar of the temple. The vaults and the western block of the church were built in protogothic key while the dome already has a Gothic style.

Basílica de Son Bou

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

A basilical plan with three naves and three apses, the central one with a nartex and two annexes. It seems it had an external baptistry that was later transferred to the left apse where there is a monolithical, cylindrical baptismal font with the shape of a cross. There was a door to each nave within the portico. No mosaics nor decoration have been found, but the construction is of great quality.

BASÍLICA DE SON PERETÓ

Visigodo - Siglo V, Siglo VI - Baleares

It has a basilical plan with three naves separated by a square central apse. The baptistry, with a four lobed baptismal font, was placed in front of the facade. From the rests of the decoration, the mosaics are remarkable for their quality and motifs: floral and geometrical, most certainly inspired in North African or Tarragona models.

Basílica de Torelló

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

With a basilical plan of 24 x 10 m, with three naves separated by rectangular supports and a square. Most interesting in this monument are the mosaics that have been found: a rectangle around the space of the altar and a krater with a peacock on each side in the presbytery decorated with grapes and birds, two lions confronted with a palm tree in the middle of the shrine and geometrical motifs in the nave.

Basílica de Torre de Palma

Visigodo - Siglo IV - Alto Alentejo

It consists of a building divided in two parts, each one with two opposed apses, one with three naves and the other one with just one that covers the complete width, where there is also an attached rectangular baptistry on the northern side with attached compartments. Obviously designed and built as an homogeneous ensemble.

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