Index of files of monuments

ALCALÁ DE MONCAYO (R)

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Zaragoza

Incrustado en un cubo semicircular de la muralla del castillo encontramos un ventanal geminado reaprovechado. Por sus características correspondería a una edificación mozárabe de principios del siglo X.  Las jambas las forman sillares de arenisca. Uno solo en el lado izquierdo y dos en el derecho. Parteluz a base de columna cilíndrica monolítica sobre basa muy deteriorada y en su cima, capitel de formas sencillas a base de hojas apenas marcadas en sus ángulos, con nervadura central y una bola o quizá piña en el vértice superior.

ANTECRIPTA DE SAN ANTOLÍN (R)

Románico - Siglo XI - Palencia

La cripta de San Antolín de la catedral de Palencia, la “Bella desconocida” como muchos la llaman, marca, a principios del siglo XI, el primer hito de las construcciones románicas en Palencia y en Castilla en sí, ya que hasta entonces este estilo solo se había venido realizando en la zona aragonesa y asturiana. Desgraciadamente, de la catedral románica que hubo apenas nos han llegado algunos vestigios. Sin embargo, resulta fundamental conocer esta cripta, ya que en ella se sientan las bases de lo que después llegó a ser el románico.

ARCE: SANTA MARIA (R)

Románico - Siglo XII - Navarra

Ermita románica de una nave, prebiterio y ábside, con una torre-espadaña a los pies de la nave. Ofrece una magnífica decoración esculpida en capiiteles de las ventanas, canecillos y en la portada, situada a los pies del costado sur de la nave.

ARTAIZ: SAN MARTIN DE TOURS (R)

Románico - Siglo XII - Navarra

Iglesia de una sóla nave de cuatro tramos y ábside de medio tambor que dispone de una magnífica portada situada a los pies del costado sur, con tres arquivoltas,y decoración del tímpano modillones y capiteles, de tipo jaqués En su entorno se conserva en muy buen estado un pozo-aljibe del S.XIII.

ASUNCIÓN DE MARÍA DE BOSSÒST (R)

Románico - Siglo XII - Lérida

La iglesia de la Asunción de María de Bossòst (Era Purificacion en catalán) fue construida a finales del siglo XII siguiendo la norma del Valle d’Aran consistente en una planta basilical con tres naves y sendos ábsides semicirculares. Posee dos campanarios (uno alto e imponente en el lado norte y el otro más bajo de espadaña sobre la techumbre) y dos puertas de acceso al templo, una al norte en la que destaca el hermoso tímpano esculpido y otra más sencilla al sur. La iglesia de Bossost es, sin duda, un buen ejemplo del románico aranés ligado al estilo aragonés y navarro más que al catalán.

BAPTISTERIO DE GABIA LA GRANDE

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Granada

Semi buried building, almost square, with an octogonal font in white marmor in its centre, covered with a media sphere vault and with an apse, a tower with a spiral staircase and a long access gallery. The whole decoration found suggests it was built during the first Byzantine domination of this part of Spain.

Basílica de Algezares

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Murcia

It has a basilical plan with three naves separated by arches upon columns and a single semicircular apse. It had an attached circular baptistry with a round pool. The construction technique is a very poor one but remnants of a rich decoration of inner doors with geometrical drawings, columns with secant circles, wreathed pilasters, …

BASÍLICA DE BOBASTRO

Mozárabe - Siglo X - Málaga

Built in what is believed to have been the capital of the independent territory created by Omar Ibn Hafsún in Al Andalus during the second half of the 9th century and destroyed by Abd al Rahman the Third in 928. It is a church excavated in a large rock, for which it is still preserved today. Of basilical plan with transept, three naves separated by horseshoe arches, and three apses, with the central one in horseshoe arch inscribed in a square with rectangular laterals.

BASÍLICA DE BOVALAR (R)

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Lérida

BASÍLICA DE CABEZA DE GRIEGO

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Cuenca

Remains of the largest Visigothic church ever known have been found in the ruins of the Roman city of Segóbriga It was of basilical type with an elongated pseudo crossing with the shape of "tau". It was dismantled during the restoration of the Monastey of Uclés and only the studies of the excavation in the 18th century and a few remnants of the decoration have survived.

Basílica de Casa Herrera

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Caceres

It has a square basilical plan of 15 metres by side with three naves separated by six columns and two opposed apses, both unattached, with prolonged semicircular shape. It was totally surounded by a set of small compartments that suggest it was built by African monks.

BASÍLICA DE EIO (Tolmo de Minateda)

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Albacete

Rests of an Iberian and Roman city have been excavated in a plateau in Hellín. It was built at the end of the 6th century and beginnings of the 7th century. It included a large three nave basilic with lateral compartments on the chevet and a baptistry at its feet. The whole surrounding is becoming an archeological park that it is expected to be open to the public by the end of 2008.

Basílica de El Germo

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Córdoba

It has a basilical plan of 19 x 13 m, with three naves separted by rectangular supports and two opposed apses that connect on the southern side with another extended building, also with a double apse that contained an oval baptismal font. There was also a lateral portico in the northern side. It seems it was further used after the Arab invasion.

Basílica de Elche

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Alicante

Excavated in 1905 in Alcúdia de Elche, it has also been considered as a sinagogue of the 4th century. It consists of an apse nave of 11 x 8 m facing from east to west and paved with mosaics in blue, white, pink and yellow. Almost the whole decoration of the nave, divided by friezes in three decorative sections, is geometrical and floral with Greek inscriptions.

Basílica de Idanha a Velha

Visigodo - Siglo VI - Beira Interior Sul

It seems it was built in two phases, the first one in the 6th century, with a basilical plan, with three naves and an external baptistry with baptsimal cruciform pool, for which we include it as Early Christian. In the 7th century a sort of transept was added, of which its east side has been preserved, with rounds of horseshoe arches upon columns. The whole construction is of great quality.

Basílica de Illetas del Rey

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

Very similar to Torrello’s with a basilical plan with three naves and a square apse with two small lateral compartments. Here also the most interesting thing are the mosaics, very naturalist and fanciful, with drawings of flowers, plants and animals. Part of those have been preserved in the basilic an specially in the Museum of Mahón.

BASÍLICA DE SAN VICENTE (R)

Románico - Siglo XII - Avila

La edificación de la basílica de San Vicente de Ávila se inició en 1130 comenzando por su cabecera, la cual posee un evidente estilo románico pleno. Está dedicada a los santos Vicente, Sabina y Cristeta, mártires de principio del siglo IV cuyas reliquias se encuentran en el altar mayor del templo. Las bóvedas y el bloque occidental de la iglesia se edificaron en clave protogótica mientras que el cimborrio posee ya un estilo gótico.

Basílica de Son Bou

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

A basilical plan with three naves and three apses, the central one with a nartex and two annexes. It seems it had an external baptistry that was later transferred to the left apse where there is a monolithical, cylindrical baptismal font with the shape of a cross. There was a door to each nave within the portico. No mosaics nor decoration have been found, but the construction is of great quality.

BASÍLICA DE SON PERETÓ

Visigodo - Siglo V, Siglo VI - Baleares

It has a basilical plan with three naves separated by a square central apse. The baptistry, with a four lobed baptismal font, was placed in front of the facade. From the rests of the decoration, the mosaics are remarkable for their quality and motifs: floral and geometrical, most certainly inspired in North African or Tarragona models.

Basílica de Torelló

Visigodo - Siglo V - Baleares

With a basilical plan of 24 x 10 m, with three naves separated by rectangular supports and a square. Most interesting in this monument are the mosaics that have been found: a rectangle around the space of the altar and a krater with a peacock on each side in the presbytery decorated with grapes and birds, two lions confronted with a palm tree in the middle of the shrine and geometrical motifs in the nave.

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