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Turismo Prerrománico > Art and Culture > Hermitages > Index of files of monuments

Index of files of monuments

CUEVA DE LA VIRGEN DE MONTESCLAROS

Eremitorios - Siglo X - Cantabria

Sobre un altozano entre el pico Solaloma y el río Ebro, se erige el Santuario Real de Montesclaros, lugar de referencia secular mariana de los municipios de la comarca cántabra de Campoo-Los Valles.  A raíz de las excavaciones realizadas en el subsuelo del Santuario, en 1966, se descubrió una cripta prerrománica sobre la cueva. De planta rectangular -de 3,5 metros de ancho por 3 de largo- con un altar de piedra ornado con una talla de sogueado de clara influencia asturiana (periodo ramirense) y en cuyo antipendio figuran símbolos de tradición celta.

Cueva de Siete Altares

Eremitorios - Siglo VII - Segovia

En las hoces del río Duratón, cerca de Sepúlveda se encuentra este eremitorio creado en el siglo VII por San Frutos y sus hermanos, desaparecido durante la invasión árabe. Constaba de una capilla pública exterior, semiexcavada, con un altar en forma de herradura. Entrando por un gran arco, actualmente en muy mal estado, existe otra zona, con tres altares excavados, también en forma de herradura, para uso de los monjes y más al fondo las celdas de los monjes.

CUEVA SANTA DE LIEBANA

Eremitorios - Siglo IX - Cantabria

This semi cave hermitage is found in the vicinity of the Monastery of St. Toribio de Liébana, on the northern slope of the Viorna hill, built with ashlars in a cave blocked on one of its sides. It has two floors; the lower one with the monk's cell, from which a ramp access the rectangular shaped chapel on the upper floor.

CUEVAS DE LOS PORTUGUESES DE ARROYO DE LAS TORCAS

Eremitorios - Siglo VII - Burgos

El completo eremítico rupestre de Arroyo de las Torcas (La Horadada), en las Merindades (Burgos), consta de 14 habitaciones excavadas en una pared de arenisca, en un pequeño desfiladero cubierto de una exuberante arboleda, por donde fluye un caudaloso arroyo conformando un curioso hábitat oculto desde el exterior.

ERMITA DE ARROYUELOS

Eremitorios - Siglo VIII - Cantabria

Two storey church excavated in a large sandstone block with the rests of a tombstone and a necropolis with High Medieval graves outside. It has a single nave wider than its central body where there is a prismatic pillar with papyrus shaped ribs on the cover, an apse with horseshoe plan and a sort of counter apse at the feet with shapes not well defined.

ERMITA DE SAN PANTALEÓN

Eremitorios - Siglo VIII - Cantabria

Restos de un conjunto eremítico situado en la parte alta de un peñasco, formado por una ermita con la parte baja de los muros excavada en la roca, que constaba de un nartex cubierto con unas escaleras de acceso talladas en la piedra, una nave rectangular y un ábside, además de una necrólolis en los lados este y sur de la ermita, y algunos cubículos excavadas en la roca, que debieron ser celdas de eremitas. .

Ermita rupestre de Villademoros

Eremitorios - Siglo IX - León

The “Cave of St. Martín”is a small cave church with access through an arch created in the walled in part of the access to the cave and consists of a rectangular nave of 3.30 m by 3.60 m covered with a sort of basket-handle arch, that lets access to the apse through a horseshoe arch of 2.60 m diameter, covered with a dome. It is known it was utilized in the 9th and 10th centuries, but it is possible that it already existed from the 4th century.

IGLESIA RUPESTRE DE CAMPO DE EBRO

Eremitorios - Siglo VIII - Cantabria

Semi cave hermitage built in a cave partly blocked with ashlars on one of its sides. It has a single plan formed by a rectangular nave and a quadrangular apse, separated by a semicircular arch, the whole carved on the rock. There is no consistent approach on whether it was built during the first christianization of the area at the end of the 6th and beginnings of the 7th centuries, or at the beginnings of the resettlement around the 9th century.

Oratorio de Valdecanales

Eremitorios - Siglo VII - Jaén

Visigothic monastery consisting of three constructions excavated on the rock. The main one is formed by three naves covered with barrel vaults separated by square pillars presenting a monumental facade with a series of twelve horseshoe arches and timpanii decorated with palmettes. The two other caves might have been used as residence for the monks that lived in the prayer room, and the third one as a baptistry.

SAN JUAN DE SOCUEVA

Eremitorios - Siglo VIII - Cantabria

Semi rock cave built by means of blocking the opening of a cave. It has a rectangular nave divided in two horizontal stretches and an apse with semicircular plan, covered with a semidome vault and separated from the nave by a triumphal horseshoe arch. It was declared Heritage of Cultural Interest in 1985.

SAN MIGUEL DE PRESILLAS

Eremitorios - Siglo VIII - Burgos

Hermitage ensemble excavated on a rocky headland that overlooks the valley, formed by a church built at two levels, a cave baptistry and several artificial cells. The main floor has a basilical shape with three very short and very high naves, with three apses, whereas the upper part has a platfotm overlooking the whole church. Both have access from the western side of the headland, although at present, the lower one is closed with a gate.

SAN PEDRO DE ARGÉS

Eremitorios - Siglo X - Burgos

Temple excavated on sandstone rock on an environment with other remnants of buildings and a small necropolis. It has two naves; the second one built possibly in the 12th century, two curved plan apses and a nartex at the end of the main nave, somewhat higher, where there are two graves.

San Pedro de Rocas

Eremitorios - Siglo IX - Orense

Originalmente debió ser un ermitorio visigodo ya que ha aparecido la lápida de fundación del año 573. A finales del siglo IX se refundó el monasterio al que Alfonso III concedió privilegios. Consta de tres capillas excavadas en la roca, comunicadas entre sí, con arcos de herradura sobre columnas adosadas y capiteles labrados en la misma roca; conserva los altares primitivos en forma de mesas y también decorados con arcos de herradura.

SAN PEDRO DE TARTALÉS

Eremitorios - Siglo IX - Burgos

Iglesia excavada en la cara occidental de la Sierra de la Tesla, dominando el valle, con dos grandes sepulturas en el exterior. Consta de un cuerpo central rectangular y dos ábsides contrapuestos y está situada cerca de un conjunto de cuevas excavadas a una altura inferior, llamado 'Cueva de los Portugueses' que podría ser un eremitorio dependiente de la iglesia de San Pedro.

Santa María de la Cabeza

Eremitorios - Siglo IX - Málaga

Monastic ensemble excavated on the rock, formed by a church and a living area. The church has an irregular shape and a total surface of 272 square metres. It has a central nave with trapezoidal plan ending in a semicircular apse, a vestry and other two naves with altars and niches on the end walls, located on the sides of the central one in a radial position starting at the main entrance with a semicircular arch.

Santos Justo y Pastor

Eremitorios - Siglo X - Palencia

Cave church surrounded by a set of headstones and a necropolis completed in the 17th century with a bell tower, a portico and an access staircase. It is formed by two naves covered with a barrel vault with false transverse arches carved on the rock, separated by three columns and a pillar, with two semicircular apses.

VILLAESCUSA DE EBRO

Eremitorios - Siglo VII - Cantabria

Hermitage ensemble created by utilizing three existing caves in El Tobazo, one of them was a cave church formed by a rectangular apse and a square nave with access through a horseshoe arch gate located in the western end of the northern side. One of the other caves might have been used for dwelling purposes and the other one for burials.

Villanueva de Algaidas

Eremitorios - Siglo IX - Málaga

Cave ensemble excavated on a rocky headland. It consists of two rectangular caves not connected with each other, in which the western side was closed by masonry walls. The larger one, oriented towards east, must have been the church, with a single nave covered with a barrel vault, with a semi circular arch surrounding the apse and two small lateral compartments. The other cave, much smaller, could have been a hermit cave.

VIRGEN DEL CARMEN DE CADALSO

Eremitorios - Siglo VIII - Cantabria

Small hermitage carved on the rock that consists of a nave and a rectangular apse separated by a triumphal semicircular arch. On account of its features it may have been a Visigothic hermitage from the period of St. Millán de la Cogolla or maybe one of the multiple hermitage centres created in the valley of Valderredible during the resettlement.

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