Index of files of monuments

CÁMARA SANTA DE OVIEDO

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

It is a
martyrdom church formed by two rectangular superimposed naves, the lower one
corresponds to the original construction and it is covered by a barrel vault
The upper one consisted of a nave plus an apse although the nave was modified
in the 12th century. It is a clear precedent of the structure of St. María del
Naranco.

CASTILLETE DE MONTE HOZARCO

Asturiano - Siglo VIII - Cantabria

Su construcción se puede poner en relación con la expansión, que emprende el Reino de Asturias, a mediados del siglo VIII hacia las tierras vecinas, tal como recogen las crónicas de Alfonso III. Desempeñó un papel de gran relevancia en la defensa, control y consolidación de los territorios cristianos, en los comienzos de su expansión.

ERMITA DE LA VIRGEN DEL CERRO

Asturiano - Siglo X - Burgos

A 20km de Burgos encontramos esta ermita cuyo origen parece ser
paleocristiano, reconstruida posiblemente en la primera repoblación de esa zona,
en tiempos de Alfonso III el Magno, ya que a pesar de una serie de importantes
modificacines que sufrió en los primeros tiempos de arte románico en España y en
el siglo XVIII conserva múltiples detalles que demuestran su gran relación con
la arquitectura asturiana.

Ermita de Santa Cruz

Asturiano - Siglo VIII - Asturias

Cangas de Onís was the first capital of the Asturian kingdom. The church of the Holy Cross (Santa Cruz), built upon a dolmen in 737 by the king Favila, in a place where there were already remnants of a previous church, according to a foundational inscription, today disappeared, is the most ancient building from this period that we know. Destroyed on several occasions, the place has now a hermitage built in the 20th century, but the dolmen still stands.

Fuente de La Foncalada

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

It is the only civil construction built for public utility services in Asturian art that has been preserved. It was built by order of Alphonse the Third in a place near the wall where a drinking water fountainhead stood. It has a rectangular plan, 4 metres wide with a shrine shape and a central semicircuar arch. Built with ashlar sandstone,

HORREO DE IRACHETA

Asturiano - Siglo X - Navarra

In the environment of the kingdom of Pamplona we find some buildings that show a clear Asturian influence, possibly generated by the good relationship between García Jiménez and Alphonse the Third, married to his daughter Ximena. In Irracheta an excellent granary on ashlar is preserved, supported by ten semicircular arches, with a structure that recalls St. María del Naranco, although it is covered with a flat saddle roof.

IGLESIA DE SAN TIRSO

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

Destruida por un incendio en 1513, sólo se conserva la estructura general y el exterior de la parte superior del ábside. Tenía planta basilical de tres naves separadas por tres pilares cuadrados a cada lado. Muy interesante la ventana de tres arcos de medio punto enmarcada en un alfiz que, aunque ha hecho pensar que fuera añadida posteriormente en época mozárabe, actualmente se piensa que es original ya que existen otras ventanas con alfiz de época visgoda y asturiana.

SAN ADRIANO DE TUÑÓN

Asturiano - Siglo X - Asturias

A small three nave basilic with three apses for a convent founded by Alphonse the Third in 891. The naves are separated by four semicircular arches upon pillars without imposts. The naves are covered with a wooden roof and the chapels of the apses by a barrel vault.

SAN GINÉS DE FRANCELOS

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Orense

Small rectangular hermitage possibly built in the 15th century in which elements of one or several  High Medieval churches were reutilised, among which a magnificent horseshoe arch points out, of Visigothic trace, supported by impost capitals with a decoration that recalls the Ramiro art style, upon columns decorated and composed bases. It is also very interesting an Asturian type window with excellent openwork lattice in stone.

SAN JULIÁN DE LOS PRADOS

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

Built at one Km far from Oviedo, it has a three nave basilical plan, separated by semicircular arches upon square pillars with wooden saddle roof in the central one. It has a transverse nave, higher than the central one and with the same kind of covering, straight three vaulted apse chevet with a secret chamber upon the central one and a lobby with two lateral chambers. It keeps remnants of paintings of great interest.

SAN LORENZO DE CORTINA

Asturiano - Siglo X - Asturias

La iglesia de San Lorenzo de Cortina destaca por su ventana geminada altomedieval que adorna la fachada oeste de la capilla actual. Es un bloque de piedra caliza rectangular con las esquinas superiores redondeadas, dos vanos y ancho parteluz cuadrangular. La jamba derecha es ligeramente cóncava. Los vanos coronan en dos anillos de contorno sogueado.

SAN MIGUEL DE LILLO

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

With a three nave basilical plan but in sheer Ramiro style, very diffrent to the ones of the previous period. Only the third part remains as the rest was buried in a landslide in the Middle Ages. It is wholy vaulted with a very complex system. The naves are separated by columns; it keeps a stand upon the portico and a very rich decoration.

SAN PEDRO DE NORA

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

With a basilical plan of three four – section naves, separated by semicircular stilted arches upon square pillars with wooden saddle cover on the central one and a shed cover on the lateral one. It has a straight three vaulted apses chevet with a secret chamber upon the central one and a lobby that possibly had two lateral chambers.

SAN SALVADOR DE PRIESCA

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

Although
it was consecrated in 921, due to its characteristics it is considered to
belong to the period of Alphonse the Third. It has a basilical plan with three
naves with three separated sections by semicircular arches in brick upon square
pillars, with flat tripartite chevet; the central chapel somwehat higher with
enclosed round of arches upon columns with capitals and rest of paintings.

SAN SALVADOR DE VALDEDIÓS

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

Built by Alphonse the Third for his retirement, it was consecrated in 893. It has a basilical plan with three naves covered by a barrel vault of four sections separated by semicircular arches upon square pillars, with a flat tripartite chevet; the central chapel somewhat higher; a stand over the lobby and the central portico. Windows wth dry cap and rests of paintings inside. It is one of the most interesting buildings in Spanish Pre Romanesque.

SANTA CRISTINA DE LENA

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

It consists of a single rectangular nave that includes the elevated presbitery with an iconostasis of Mozarabic type and a stand, also elevated, at the portico. It has four rectangular annexes: a major chapel, a lobby and two lateral vestries. The whole covered with a barrel vault and buttresses. Decoration from various periods: Visigothic, Ramiro and Mozarabic.

SANTA MARIA DE BENDONES

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

Its plan is a rectangle that included a nave, a chevet and a lobby, tripartite and symetric. Besides, it had two lateral porticos of which there are still the remnants of one of them on the southern side. The whole church was covered with a wooden roof, except on the central apse that had a brick made barrel vault.

SANTA MARIA DEL NARANCO

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

It is a recreational palace formed by two superimposed naves of rectangular plan, both vaulted, with two window galleries, one on each side, in the upper one, that form two rooms in the lower one. Covered with barrel vaults upon bonder arches that correspond to buttresses in the outside and an excellent sculpted decoration in great harmony with the building, meaning a change of style with regard to the previous monuments.

SANTIAGO DE GOBIENDES

Asturiano - Siglo IX - Asturias

Church with basilical plan, with three naves with four sections each, separated by semicircular arches upon square pillars, covered in wood with flat tripartite chevet, although only remnants remain from the central chapel. It has little wreathed decoration and geometrical motifs of poor quality. It represents a kind of rural church of the period of Alphonse the Third.

SANTIANES DE PRAVIA

Asturiano - Siglo VIII - Asturias

Built around
780 by the king Silo, modified during the 17th and 18th centuries and restored
in the 20th century. It has a basilical plan of three naves and a single
semicircular apse, modified in the 17th century to turn it into a tripartite
chevet with a transept somewhat wider than the naves. Covered with a flat
wooden roof except the apse that was covered with a sinter dome.

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